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Volume 9 Issue 3

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View

Title : Zangbeto, a Form of Emotional Intelligence

Authors : EDOH Koffi Pierrot

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Abstract :

Zangbeto or traditional night guardian, is a very well-known spirit or a deity in the southern communities of the Republic of Benin, in several other communities of West Africa and particularly in the city of Badagry in south western Nigeria. According to legend, Zangbeto was invented by princes from Adja Tado (Republic of Togo) during their migrations eastward. This with the aim of overcoming their adventure-related uncertainties. To materialize that project, they were disguised with branches and leaves of raffia and other unusual objects in order to have a strange allure to the point of not being recognized on the one hand and on the other hand, to scare people on their way. This find will be perpetuated by their descendants who will use it to ensure the security of their territory once settled permanently. They will also use it during some risky night journeys to spread fear around, then reduce their own concerns and then reassure themselves. The objective of this review is to compare Zangbeto with Emotional Intelligence (EI), which consists of using negative emotions and those of his opponents in some ways to sow doubt in the latter’s mind, in order to improve oneself motivations and achieve the goals set.

From this work finding, it appears that Zangbeto is actually a form of emotional intelligence that existed before Salovey and Mayer had theorized this concept in 1990. But his status as deity due to his mysterious aspect makes him less accessible and prevents him from being made available to modern knowledge. This allows the Zangbeto to remain sustainable over years and to ensure his role as night guardian in the communities where he exists, despite the evolution of conventional security means.


Title : The Possible Role of DL-Methionine in the Detoxification of Gliricidia Leaf Anti-nutrients in Rabbit Nutrition

Authors : J H Edoh, A A Annongu, F M Houndonougbo, A O Ajayi, C A A M Chrysostome

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Abstract :

A feeding trial was performed to investigate the potential of methionine as detoxifying agent of secondary metabolites present in Gliricidia sepium leaf. The leaves were dried, milled, and included in rabbit diets at 0 (D0, control), 10 (D10) and 15% (D15) raw and at 10 (DSM10) and 15% (DSM15) with 0.3% DL-methionine supplementation. 60-weaned rabbits (of 7-weeks old) averaging 1066±16.3 g/rabbit were used and fed the 5-diets (ad libitum) over a feeding trial lasting 6-weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, 6 rabbits were sampled per treatment for digestibility tests and 6 other for carcass characteristics. The experiment was designed as a one way classification. Proximate analysis and quantification of GLM phytochemicals revealed that G. sepium leaves are potentially rich in nutrients but contain substantial amount of antinutrients namely tannins, phytic and oxalic acids, alkaloids and saponins. Dietary performance traits gave no significant differences (p>0.05) in feed consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio on the test diets relative to the control diet. The digestibility of dry matter, organic matter and crude protein decreased with increasing level of GLM. Supplementation of methionine to the feeds containing GLM had slightly improved the digestibility rates though the improvement was not significant (p>0.05). Feeding cost and economic feed efficiency were better in rabbits fed the diet D10 but not significant (P>0.05). Carcass characteristics were not significantly (p>0.05) affected by diets. Conclusively GLM at 10 or 15% inclusion in diets with or without methionine supplementation elicited no untoward effects on dietary performance traits and carcass characteristics of the rabbits. Methionine supplementation for detoxification should be carried out along with other chemical detoxicants to enable the inclusion of the leaf meal at higher levels.


Title : The Role of Managers and Leaders in Change Management within the Health Care and Its Impact on Performance Improvement

Authors : Abdulrahman Al Mesned

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Abstract :