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Volume 9 Issue 1

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Effect of Chopped Glass Fibers on The Strength of Concrete Tiles

Authors : Akshaya Kumar Shukla, Dr. Bharat Nagar

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Abstract :

The comparative study of fibre glass with test of compressive strength, split-tensile strength and flexural strength were performed on M-30 grade cube and tiles specimen concrete as per norms  IS 10262. The size of aggregates used was 20mm maximum. To analyze the effect on compressive strength, flexural strength, split-tensile strength 6 cubes, 6 tiles  were casted and tested.

A practical result of glass fiber reinforced concrete in the form of concrete tiles was taken into consideration without any special technique was used to produce these tiles. The tiles thickness was 20mm or size of aggregates used was 6mm is maximum. The proportion of mix used was 1:1.80:2.60 and The ratio of water cement kept consistent and the percentage of admixture was varied from .6 to 1.2 to maintain the slump in between 60mm to 120mm. The fibres size used were 5micron meter to 25 micron meter and the fibres were alkali resistant. The experimental study of the short fibres on, compressive strength wet transverse strength and water absorption was carried out. Six full sized tiles 15cm*15cm*2.5cm were tested and the results recorded.

01-04
2

Title : Antibiotic Susceptibility Profile of Staphylococcus Aureus Isolated From Food Handlers in Abuja, Nigeria Review

Authors : Anowai C. O., Agarry O. O., Akin-Osanaiye B. C.

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Abstract :

The antibiotic susceptibility profile of S. aureusisolated from food handlers was evaluated in Abuja using standard epidemiological and agar disc diffusion methods. The result showed that out of 180samples collected from the six area councils in Abuja, nasal swabs had 18.2% of S. aureus isolates and hand swabs had 12.3%. The prevalence rate of S. aureus was 15.5% (28) out of 180 food handlers sampled, the highest occurrence (68.8%) was observed in age group 20 – 39 years, while there was no significant difference in the distribution of S. aureus in the area sampled. Male food handlers (64.3%) had higher infection rate compared to their female counterparts (35.7%) except in AMAC and Kwali area councils. The S. aureus isolates were highly resistant to Cefoxitin and Oxacillin (82.1%) and Tetracycline (71.4%); mildly resistant to Ceftazidime (64.3%), Amoxicillin (53.6%), Erythromycin (50.0%) and Clindamycin (46.4%), but 100% susceptible to Vancomycin, Linezolid (85.7%) and Ciprofloxacin (67.9%). Significant percentages of the isolates (35.7%) weremultidrug resistant and 60.7% had MARI index > 0.2. The most common resistance pattern observed wasFOX,OX,CIP, and it occurred in 18.8% of the populace. This study showed the possibility of food handlers serving as route of transmission of antibiotic resistance pathogens and more so showcase the need to monitor the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of pathogenic bacteria in our environment as this will enable clinicians, in selecting empiric antimicrobial therapy,formulate rational public healthcare policies, and provide useful information on the global surveillance of this pathogen.

05-11
3

Title : New Studies of Thermal Evolution Process

Authors : Alexandre Titov

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Using new experimental techniques of synchronous differential thermal measurements, studies of thermal evolution processes are performed in a tungsten carbide gauge block that is, in the material often used in interferometric length measurements in international comparisons. It is shown experimentally that the consecutive states of the system under our experimental conditions can be only described as an irreversible in time, non-repeatable evolution process that is characterized by braking symmetries in time and in space. As the studied system is an open one, the standard laws of conservation of energy and momentum for the system (following from the theories developed in the framework of Newtonian paradigm) are clearly violated. The experiments, performed with the new material, obviously demonstrate that the superposition principle is not valid for electromagnetic fields interacting with material objects. It is proved that the fluxes of energy and momentum of the external field through the surface of the material object is the driving source of all changes in the properties and in the structure of the irradiated object. The hysteresis curves, which are changing continuously with the variations of the observation position and in time, characterize the evolution process that is observed in two different locations on the surface of material artifact but at the same time moment. All the changes inside the object are associated with the propagation of the field-particle system within the material artifact as a response to the absorption of the fluxes of energy and momentum of the external field that is created by all external partners of the specified object in the system. The parameters of the propagation of the field-particle system (velocity, amplitude) depend critically on the previous history of the object. The interaction of material objects through the common field realizes the Leibniz’s principle of “interrelation of one to all, and of all to one. When the evolution of each material object occurs under the influence of the infinite number of correlated factors, the description of the resulting non-repeatable, irreversible in time process is not possible in terms of mathematics. Here, we present one of the experimental demonstrations of the basic principle of Leibniz relational world:” Every simple Substance is by its nature a concentration, and a living mirror of the whole Universe, according to its Point of view

12-18
4

Title : Contrast Stretching and Improved Dark Channel Prior Method Based Image Defogging

Authors : Neelam Dadhich, Mrs. Manju Mathur

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Digital images are used by most computer applications. Digital picture processing (DIP) plays a major role in the digital process of data analysis and interpretation. Outdoor scenes images and videos are mostlypretentious by bad endure conditions like haze, fog, mist, etc. It will lead to poor scene visibility due to lack of quality. This document presents a survey of different picture defogging methods to expel the haze from the pictures of fog trapped in the real globe to recover a quick and improved nature of pictures free of fog. We have proposed a new approach in this work that will efficiently resolve insufficient approximation of haze thickness as well as color cast difficulties.It is possible to generate a high-quality image throughstrong visibility as well as vivid color. In this paper, the contrast enhancement techniques are a charity to enlargethe range of brightness standards in a copy so that image may be shown professionally in the manner preferred by the analyst. Owing to bad light or improper location in obtaining the device, the quantity of difference in a picture maychange. Consequently, to compensate for difficulties in image achievement, it is needed to operatethe contrast of an image. The knowledge behind extending contrast is to recoveran energetic range of gray levels in an administered picture.In our proposed work, we enhance our image by applying new Technique contrast stretching (CS) which provide us better results as compared to base techniques. The output image is much clear than the base paper image and follow effect is also reduced. Calculate the SSIM and MSE. 

19-25
5

Title : Biology and Philosophy. VII. Sokrates, the Demigod

Authors : Juan S. Gómez-Jeria

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I use the cylinder-ladder model presented in the previous paper of this series to present and defend the thesis that Sokrates was placed in a step much higher than those that were occupied by almost all mortals regarding the degree of perception of reality and that he could perfectly be situated in the category of ‘demigod’ as defined in this paper. Plato´s Apology is considered the most probable and unique Sokratic-like text. Furthermore, I claim that Sokrates knew that he was (relatively) wiser than those around him due to its higher position on the cylinder-ladder. This last statement opens new questions about the response of the Pythia. Sokrates was clear that his discourse would be understood by his listeners accordingly to the place they occupied in the cylinder-ladder model. This is the reason because, after Sokrates death, so many different Socratic schools appeared. Finally, I firmly hold the idea that one day we will discover that our knowledge of Sokrates has not grown one iota since his death. Sokrates seems to be the first known Western stonecutter/ stonemason whose raw material is men.

26-30
6

Title : Enhanced Security Hybrid Communication for Complex Industrial Embedded System

Authors : Ruchi Arya, Roshan Jain

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Abstract :

With the fast  pace of industrial & concentration of population in urban area unit & sleep size in load prices industries are locating plant to remote sites. Also as the technology is getting advanced automation data logging & remote monitoring have become an indispensible tool for industrial automation & are heavily dependent on connectivity options available. Also there are a variety of devices which are to be monitored & controlled remotely via a single connection along with security. This work presents a unique method of encrypting data from various devices such as plc’s, DCS embedded controller & data loggers & multiplexing it on a single TDM (Time Division Multiplex) channel. ESP8266 wifi module is employed at the communication and of communication controller PLC/DCS to connect to IOT cloud via wifi this operation has been demonstrated using the thingspeak API. Encryption & multiplexing code has been demonstrated using MATLAB while IOT/cloud communication using ESP8266 demonstrated using ladder logic. Thus a comprehensive industrial communication system for remote site management has been presented.

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