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Volume 8 Issue 4

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Correlation of Maternal Zinc Levels with Neonatal Zinc and Neonatal Outcomes

Authors : Nurul Amalina, Arni Amir, Roza Sriyanti

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Background: The aim of the study determine the correlation of maternal zinc levels with neonatal zinc and neonatal outcomes. Methods: The study was conducted using a cross sectional study. The study was conducted at Independent Midwifery Practice in Mandiangin Sub-district Koto Selayan Bukittinggi City, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia from July-December 2018. The population in this study were a term pregnant women, sample size 54 people. Sampling technique with consecutive sampling. Zinc level examination used atomic absorption spectrophotometry method test. Hypothesis test used pearson correlation. A two-tailed P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The results of the study were a negative relationship with a weak strength between maternal zinc levels and neonatal zinc levels. There is no positive relationship between maternal zinc levels and neonatal height. There is a positive relationship with a weak strength between maternal zinc levels and neonatal body weight. There is a negative relationship with a weak strength between maternal zinc levels and neonatal head circumference. Conclusion: There were positive relationship with the weak strength between maternal zinc levels and neoantal zinc levels and nenoatal outcomes: height, weight and neonatal head circumference.

01-03
2

Title : Mean Differences of TNF-α and PIBF Levels in < 12th Gestational Weeks Pregnant Women with Imminent Abortion

Authors : Yohana Suganda, Aisyah Elyanti, Roza Sriyanti

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Background: The aim of the study mean difference of TNF-α and PIBF levels in less than 12th gestational weeks pregnant women with imminent abortion. Methods: The study was conducted using a cross sectional study. The study was conducted at Bhayangkara Hospital, dr Reksodiwiryo Hospital, Ibnu Sina Hospital and dr Rasidin Hospital, Padang City, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia from December 2017-December 2018. The population in this study were all patient with imminent abortion and normal pregnancy with sample size 36 people. Sampling technique with consecutive sampling. TNF- α and PIBF measurement used ELISA test. Hypothesis test used independent sample T test. A two-tailed P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The results of the study known mean TNF-α level in imminent abortion (3.75 ± 1.03 ng / ml) and at <12th gestational weeks (3.03 ± 0.88 ng / ml). The mean PIBF in imminent abortion (33.92 ± 9.88 ng / ml) and at at <12th gestational weeks (43.41 ± 13.52 ng / ml).  There were mean difference of TNF-α and PIBF levels in less than 12th gestational weeks pregnant women with imminent abortion (p<0.05). Conclusion: This analysis confirmed there were mean difference of TNF-α and PIBF levels in less than 12th gestational weeks pregnant women with imminent abortion.

04-06
3

Title : Investigation on the Erosion Behavior of Coated Piston in the Hydraulic Actuators

Authors : C. Senthilvel

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Abstract :

In today’s world a huge number of process and techniques are done by the hydraulic systems. The system may undergo lot of erosion inside the cylinder and piston’s material due to the fluid used in cylinder. To reduce the erosion we are going to coat on piston’s crown with the ceramic coating. The Alumina Titania (Al2O3-TiO2) and the Tungsten Carbide-Cobalt carbide (WC-Co) are the two powders that is going to coat on the crown of the piston. The erosion is due to the actuation in the cylinder that is by the presence of foreign particles and temperature of the fluid which is used to actuate the cylinder. In order to improving the adhesion strength and with stand to high temperature during actuation. The D-gun spray technique has been employed on the mild steel to enhance its erosion behaviour of the mild steel. The improved coating on hydraulic pistons can be used in long lasting life than other material or coated parts.

07-09
4

Title : Association of Upper Arm Circumference and Vitamin D Levels in Third Trimester of Pregnancy with Birth Weight and Body Length

Authors : Welly Handayani, Nur Indrawati Lipoeto, Mayetti

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Background: The aim of the study determine the association of upper arm circumference and vitamin D levels in third trimester of pregnancy with birth weight and body length. Methods: The study was conducted using a cross sectional study. The study was conducted at working area in Pariaman City and West Pasaman, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia from September to December 2018. The population in this study were third trimester of pregnant mother, sample size 58 people. Sampling technique with multistage random sampling. Hypothesis test used pearson correlation. A two-tailed P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean of pregnant woman’s arm was 26.615 cm. The mean of vitamin D levels in pregnant women was 31.940 ng/ml The mean newborns weight in the normal range. The mean of baby's weight was 3,094 grams. The mean of baby's body length was 48.59 cm. There was a very weak positive correlation and between upper arm circumference pregnant women and newborn weight. There was a very weak positive correlation and not statistically significant between upper arm circumference pregnant women with body length. There was a very weak negative correlation and not statistically significant between Vitamin D levels of pregnant women with body length. There was a very weak negative correlation and statistically significant between the vitamin D levels of pregnant women and the baby's body weight. Conclusion: The better of upper arm circumference is not an indicator of normal birth weight and body length, so does vitamin D levels in the blood.

10-12
5

Title : Analysis of Cervical Cancer Detection Implementation Using Visual Asetat Acid Inspection Method in Padang Panjang Primary Health Care Indonesia

Authors : Suci Rahmadheny, Masrul, Lisma Evareny

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Background: This study aims to analyze the implementation of the program for early detection of cervical cancer by the method of visual acetate inspection (VAI) in Padang Panjang Primary Health Care, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia. Methods: This study used a qualitative descriptive research method carried out in April- May 2018 at the Padang Panjang Health Office and the Padang Panjang Primary Health Care, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia. Informants consisted of the Head of the Health Office, the Head of the Primary Health Care, the midwife  who implementing VAI, the cadres, women of childbearing age who had done VAI and who had never. Results: The results of the analysis show that the input of VAI program implementation in terms of human resources, facilities, infrastructure, and funds is in good condition and sufficient to support the implementation of the VAI program. The results of the analysis of the implementation process found that advocacy and socialization were still considered to be less than optimal, resulting in a low coverage of the implementation of the VAI program. Recording and reporting have also been going well. The analysis of the output of the implementation of the VAI program, it was found that the coverage of early detection of cervical cancer with the VAI method increased compared to the previous year, but this achievement was still below the target of achievement. Conclusion: The system for implementing the early cervical cancer detection program is still not on target. Need to improve the process of advocacy and socialization from the government to increase community activity in the early detection of cervical cancer using the VAI method.

13-15
6

Title : Tourism as an Industry: An Overview

Authors : Dr.Vrinda Mohan P

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In adeveloping country like India, tourism has become one of the major sectors of the economy, contributing to a large proportion to GDP and employment opportunities. Tourism is one of the fastest growing service industry in the country with great potentials for its further expansion and diversification. Tourism industry plays a major role in any country’s economic development. The main benefits of tourism are income creation and generation of jobs.Tourism is one of the fast growing sector in many of the countries taking into consideration that importance it plays in the socio economic development of the countries. It not only plays an important role in contribution to the GDP of the economy but also acts as a means for promoting harmony among nations all over the world. When tourism is taken into consideration the role of hospitality industry cannot be neglected. Hence in this paper an attempt is made to analyse the relationship that hospitality industry and tourism as well as how far tourism plays an important role in the development process there by acting as an industry along with its significance for Indian economy.

16-21
7

Title : Evaluation of Comprehensive Cultivation Model of Undergraduate and Master Based on 2-tuple Linguistic Information

Authors : Ming Li, Yanxin Lu

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The cultivation of innovative talents in colleges and universities is a long-term and complex systematic project. It includes the systematic reform of the cultivation concept, the re-orientation of training objectives, the planning and optimization of discipline and specialty, the reform of training mode and the optimization of curriculum structure. Many colleges and universities have advanced practices. These successful experiences will serve as important references for other colleges and universities. In order to select the most suitable integrated training mode, this paper proposes an integrated training mode evaluation method based on 2-tuple linguistic model. First, the evaluation index system is constructed from the aspects of cohesion of theoretical courses, cohesion of practical links, coherence of academic research, coherence of international training and support of personalized training. Secondly, the evaluation method of 2-tuple linguistic model is proposed. Finally, a hypothetical illustrating example is given to illustrate the proposed method.

22-25
8

Title : Nonlinearity of Diseases: Psychological Aspects

Authors : Dr. Amit Gosar

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Abstract :

The cause of both mental and physical diseases are generally attributed to few factors such as Germs and Genes in case of physical and nature and nurture in case of mental diseases. Acerbity of these factors to the disease is considered linear most of the time and according the therapies or treatment plans are generally decided. However, the fact is that the attributions or factors causing both mental and physical diseases and disorders are nonlinear. There is always a multidimensional and multidirectional relationship. And it is of at most importance to consider this fact while deciding on the treatment plan of any disease. In this article, efforts are made to understand different factors and their causal relationship for disease as a Meta study of several reported articles.

26-28
9

Title : Jean Cruveilhier and His Explorations

Authors : Rengin Kosif

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Abstract :

Jean Cruveilhier was a French anatomist and pathologist. He developed an interest in pathology, being influenced by Dupuytren, a friend of Cruveilhier's father. In 1816 he earned his medical doctorate in Paris, where in 1825 he succeeded Béclard as professor of anatomy. In 1836 he relinquished the chair of anatomy to Breschet, and in doing so, became the first occupant of the recently founded chair of pathological anatomy. In 1836 he was elected to the Académie de Médecine, becoming its president in 1839. For over forty years he was president of the Société anatomique. He died, aged 83. He was a highly influential anatomist, making important contributions in his study of the nervous system, multiple sclerosis, vascular system, phlebitis. Cruveilhier's name is associated with several parts of the anatomy and pathology however these terms have largely been replaced by the modern anatomical nomenclature. There are also many pioneer medical books of him.

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