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Volume 7 Issue 6

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Correlation of Fat Consumption and Lipid Profile for Telomere Length of Minangkabau Ethnicity Men, in West Sumatera, Indonesia

Authors : Yuniar Lestari, Delmi Sulastri, Desmawati

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Abstract :

Background: The aim of the study determine correlation of fat consumption and lipid profile for telomere length of Minangkabau  ethnicity  men,  in  West Sumatera, Indonesia. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted subdistrict of Padang City from March 2016 to Augustus 2017. This study was performed on 130 Minangkabau ethnic men, aged 40-50 years worked as the district civil servant. The blood sample analysis using O’Callaghan and Fenech's technique to measure telomere length, and lipid profile analysis from blood venous. For fat consumption used food frequency questionnaire. The correlation was analyzed by using Pearson’s correlation. A two-tailed P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Data  were  analyzed  using  the Stata version 14.2 (Stata Corporation). Results: There is no correlation between profile lipid (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides) with telomere length of Minangkabau  ethnicity  men (p>0.05). But there is correlation between fat consumption with telomere length of  Minangkabau  ethnicity  men (p<0.05). Conclusion: The conclusion of this study confirmed there is correlation between fat consumption with telomere length of Minangkabau  ethnicity  men.

01-03
2

Title : China-Pakistan Economic Corridor Logistics System Construction Analysis under “The Belt and Road” Initiative

Authors : Aimin Deng, Na Xiao

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Logistics is an important economic development trend at home and abroad, which plays an important role in optimizing regional resource allocation and improving regional competitiveness. In this paper, we propose regional logistics system on the basis of the belt and road that is adapted to the international trade development,mainly including the regional logistics infrastructure, logistics companies, regional logistics demand, regional logistics and regional logistics management information platform five subsystems. Finally, we put forward some suggestions about how to establish and improve our logistics system.

04-09
3

Title : Using Google Docs and Forms to Develop Enhanced e-debates in English for Elementary School Pupils

Authors : Panagiotis Georgalas, Adamos Anastasiou, Despina Androutsou

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This study aims at the development of elementary school pupils' critical thinking, along with their debate and writing skills in the English language. This model uses collaborative texts in order to increase the interaction not only among the pupils but also between the teacher and the pupils. It is based on targeted exploitation of the Google Drive platform. Several team-working tools are used such as Google Docs and Questionnaires. The whole educational approach tends to be student-oriented, since the pupils themselves are both the creators and the evaluators of the educational outcomes. The method was applied to 46 5th grade pupils of a model primary experimental school in Greece. Taking into consideration the results of the research, we conclude that the targeted usage of some of the new Web 2.0 educational tools could broaden the existing educational horizons and become beneficial to the development of new skills and abilities on students’ part.

10-13
4

Title : Evaluation of the Physical and Chemical Quality of Moroccan Cow Raw Milk in Dairy Herds Located in the Beni Mellal Region

Authors : Rachid Hnini, Lhou Ouhida, Mohammed Chigr, Mohamed Merzouki, Ahmed Gammouh, Mohamed Najimi, Fatiha Chigr

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The main objectives of the present study were to evaluate the physicochemical quality of raw cow milk produced in Beni Mellal region, one of the major milk production areas in Morocco located in the North-Centre of Morocco to evaluate the characteristics of the raw milk produced and also to evaluate effects nutritional and breeding factors on chemical and physical factors. Physicochemical quality of raw milk was determined by assessing the analysis of “Fat Content”, “Protein Content”, “Total Solids”, “Solids No-Fat”, “Acidity”, “Brix”, “Density”, “Temperature” and “Alcohol Test”, using recognized standardized methods and infrared methods for better assessing of characteristics (fat, protein, total solids and no-fat solids contents). The results obtained from this study showed a variability average in the physicochemical quality of raw milk between the different farms where the samples have been collected. Despite this variability, the fat and protein contents displayed high levels which by consequent is considered as high economic value for the producers and for the manufactures allowing in final the consumer to dispose of good nutritional product in the market. Furthermore, the values concerning temperature, pH and Dornic acidity do not exceed the recommended values attesting on the good hygienic quality of the raw cow milk produced in this geographical area in Morocco. The present findings complete our previous investigations made in the same geographical area but in other different locations and extend our knowledge on the evolution of the quality of raw cow milk produced in this large area.    

14-18
5

Title : Evalution of the Microbiological Quality of Moroccan Cow Raw Milk in Dairy Herds Located in the Beni Mellal Region

Authors : Rachid Hnini, Lhou Ouhida, Mohammed Chigr, Mohamed Merzouki, Lahoucine Bahi, Mohammed El Hansali, Mohamed Najimi, Fatiha Chigr

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The main objectives of the present study were to evaluate the microbiological quality of raw cow milk produced in Beni Mellal region, one of the major milk production areas in Morocco located in the North-Centre of Morocco to evaluate the characteristics of the raw milk produced and also to evaluate hygienic conditions effects and breeding factors on milk microbiological aspects. For this, hygienic quality of milk was determined by assessing the analysis of Total Aerobic  Flora or Total Bacterial Count, Total Coliforms Count, Fecal Coliforms Count, Pseudomonas sp while germs such as Anaerobic Sulphite-reducing Bacteria, Staphyloccoccus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella sp, were carried out according to international standards. The analysis of the microbiological results found for all the areas investigated in this study revealed that the great majority of milk caw samples studied were contaminated but at diverse levels exceeding in many times the normal threshold. Absence of pathogenic flora mainly Salmonella sp, Clostridium and Listeria was revealed by the present investigations in agreement with numerous studies in Morocco. In order to reduce the strong microbial contamination of the caw milk samples studied, the industries and authorities must made a compensate system for farmers presenting a good hygienic milk criteria on the one hand and a penalties system for those providing a bad hygienic or chemical and physical milk criteria on the one other hand.

19-23
6

Title : Benefits of Breastfeeding

Authors : Elmoussaoui S , Kaoutar K , Chetoui A , Chigr F , Bourous M , Najimi M

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Abstract :

The objectives of this work were to review the benefits and drawbacks of breastfeeding , as well as to study the factors influencing its initiation and prolongation.

Material and methods. - Bibliographic research by consultation of data banks .

Results. - Breastfeeding is associated with better cognitive development of children . This effect is even stronger when mothers breastfeed exclusively and for a long time. In the context of prevention of a large number of diseases to more or less long term (ear infections, gastrointestinal infections, atopic diseases, obesity and cardiovascular diseases...), exclusive breastfeeding and extended from 4 to 6 months is recommended.

Conclusion. - Breastfeeding could be considered as one of the essential elements to promote for human new born.

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7

Title : Prevalence and Associated Factors of Hypertension in Morocco: A Review

Authors : Abdeslam El Kardoudi , Kamal Kaoutar , Ahmed Chetoui , Fatiha Chigr , Mohamed Najimi

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HTA is a major public health problem worldwide. Indeed, previous studies have reported that 26.4% of the adult population was hypertensive, for an estimated total of 972 million people: 333 million in developed countries and 639 million in developing countries. For the year 2025, researchers estimated that 29.2% of the adult population will be hypertensive, which represents 1.56 billion individuals, leading by consequent to an increase of 60% in 25 years. In addition, the morbidity and the mortality caused by this disease is increasing in a remarkable way in the developing countries.

In Morocco hypertension prevalence data are very scare and limited, the national survey of the Ministry of Health conducted in 2000, reveals a prevalence of 33.6%; a rate that remains high as in other Maghreb or in Mediterranean countries.

With regard to the factors involved in this epidemiological situation, it is clear that the radical and irreversible change in lifestyle has contributed significantly to the increase in chronic disease rates, including hypertension. The other main factors could be summarized as: age, food, sedentary lifestyle. It should be noted that there is a almost absence of studies on the prevalence of hypertension and the associated factors in Morocco, which in itself is a limiting factor for understanding the etiology of hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension in Morocco remains high, investigations carried out in this context could improve scientific knowledge and thus, contribute to the prevention and control of the various factors associated with this disease.

The objective of this work is to summarize the published work, in relation with the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in Morocco.

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