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Volume 7 issue 2

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View

Title : Improving Hand Hygiene Compliance among Health Education Students of Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria

Authors : OKAKA Richard Onoigboria, Prof. NWAJEI Samuel Dibia, Dr. (Mrs) Sarah Okoedion

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Abstract :

This study assessed improving hand hygiene compliance among health education students of Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. Three research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. This study is a descriptive survey design. 200 education students of which all was Health Education in Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State was sampled out of the entire 4,987 population Faculty of Education students through a simple random technique. A questionnaire titled: Improving Hand Hygiene Compliance (IHHC) was used. Data collected were analyzed. The findings revealed that there was high level of compliance to hand hygiene among students; Health Education students had positive attitude and knowledge on hand hygiene compliance and there was no significant difference on the attitude and knowledge of male and female Health Education students hand hygiene compliance. Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made; improved hand hygiene practice needs a multifaceted approach involving both individual and facility factors. This should include improved training programs and ongoing staff development. Most importantly, patients should be empowered to monitor those employed in their care. Poor or insufficient access to hand hygiene facilities also need to be addressed.


Title : Determinants of the Median Nerve Cross Sectional Area in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Authors : Suad Hannawi , Haifa Hannawi, Issa Al Salmi

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Abstract :

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a widely recognized cause of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Others stated that CTS is overestimated in RA. CTS is associated with increase in the thickness of the median nerve. This study aims to establish the determinants of the median nerve cross sectional area (MNCSA) in RA patients with no CTS.

METHODS: Ultrasound measurements were performed in 120 RA patients (240 hands)without symptoms or diagnosis/previous diagnosis of CTS. Eachmedian nerve was measured three times, and the mean value was used for analyses.

RESULTS: MNCSA was 9.79±2.6 mm2 (range 1.5-22.25). MNCSA was positively associated with the age of participants (p=0.03, CI:0.00-0.08), body mass index (BMI) (p=0.04, CI:0.00-0.21), uric acid level (p=0.033, CI:0.00-0.01), and urine microalbumin (p=0.04, CI:0.00-0.01). RA clinical characteristics and inflammatory markers showed no significant relation to the MNCSA.

CONCLUSION:MNCSA in RA is affected by age, BMI, serum uric acid and microalbumin level.