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Volume 6 Issue 3

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : HIV Sero-Status Disclosure Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto-Nigeria

Authors : Nasir S, Hassan M

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Background: Partner consent, disclosure of HIV sero-status and support can substantially enhance adherence to PMTCT interventions. The study determined the prevalence, barriers and outcome of HIV sero-status disclosure among pregnant women and its implications for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Aim: This study aims to determine the prevalence and barriers to HIV sero-status disclosure among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at a tertiary institution in Sokoto, Northern Nigeria. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study that was conducted from Jan. 2014 to April 2014 at the antenatal clinic of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto. Results: A total of 100 respondents participated in the study, all were married, 46.0% had tertiary education and mean parity of 2.4 ± 2.2. Only 97 respondents consented to HIV screening at booking, 9.3% (9) were found to be HIV positive while 79.4% were HIV negative. Six (66.7%) of the nine respondents had their results disclosed. Five made the disclosure to their husband (83.3%), while one made the disclosure to her mother. Age, educational status and duration of marriage were not significantly associated with disclosure of HIV sero-status (X2=4.90, P=0.4, 0.33). Among respondents that disclosed their sero-status, 66.6% were still in marital relations with their spouse being supportive. In this study, the prevalence of HIV sero-status disclosure was 66.7% among HIV positive. The main barrier to non-disclosure of sero-status was fear of divorce in (50%). Conclusion: The study revealed that the rate of disclosure was high among the respondents. Disclosure was made to the husband in the majority of the respondents. The study showed no statistically significant relationship between age, level of education and duration of marriage. The most feared barrier to disclosure was divorce; in general a positive outcome followed the disclosure. It is recommended that involvement of male partner through public health awareness campaign should be early in HIV counseling and testing process to reduce and or eliminate the most feared barriers to disclosure in order to provide the needed support to the spouse.

01-06
2

Title : The Impact of Load Shedding on The Cost of Living: A Zambian Perspective

Authors : George M. Mukupa, Musa Phiri , Douglas Kunda

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In this paper, we assess the impact of Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation’s (ZESCO) power rationing (load shedding) on the cost of living of the Zambian people. We also assess whether the businesses and households have capacity to resort to alternative sources of energy in the time of crisis. Our results show that, although the rationing does not last for 24 hours in most places, the duration that businesses and households stay out of power is long enough to impact negatively on the livelihoods of the Zambian people and consequently it’s Economy.

 

07-15
3

Title : Logistics Demand Analysis of China - Pakistan Economic Corridor

Authors : Aimin Deng , Bo Yu

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China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CBA) was first announced by China and Pakistan in July 2013. It is a model project and flagship project of the strategic Belt and Road initiative launched by China. From the north of Gwadar Harbor to Kashgar in China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region It is a trade corridor including roads, railways, oil and gas pipelines and communications optical cables. The construction of this economic corridor aims at further enhancing the interconnection between China and Pakistan and promoting the common development of both countries. This article analyzes the status quo of the trade between China and Pakistan and the economic corridor between China and Pakistan and studies the factors that affect the logistics demand of the economic corridor between China and Pakistan from the aspects of international trade, total economy and transportation resources, and gives some policy recommendations.

16-20
4

Title : Factor Analysis of Deaf Persons Communication Systems

Authors : Naim Salkic, Emira Svraka, Meliha Povlakic Hadziefendic

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Deaf persons, in relation to their psychophysical abilities and their mindset, uses a non-verbal communication system spontaneously in which they are trained through their education, verbal communication system in which they are systematically educated through the process of education and re/habilitation, and a bilingual system of communication that implies simultaneous use of both verbal and non-verbal communication system. The aim of the study was to determine the latent space between the communication systems of the deaf and to define the factors indicating preference for the particular communication system. By the method of the main components, using the slanting latent solution (Ortoblique rotation), we evaluated the latent structure of sample patterns according to preference of certain forms of communication systems and PB criteria extracted five factors that define the latent space of preferred communication systems „Factor preferring nonverbal communication system“, „Factor of bilingvistic orientation as preferred communication system“, „Factor of segregation approach as approach to communication“, „Bilingual communication factor“, and „Factor of positive relations to all modes of communication“.

21-26
5

Title : Highway Lane Merge for Autonomous Vehicles Without an Acceleration Area using Optimal Model Predictive Control

Authors : Syed A. Hussain , Babak Shahian-Jahromi, Burak Karakas ,Sabri Cetin

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A self-driving vehicle is required to perform all lane merge scenarios when performing lane change/merge functions during its autonomous mode. Most challenging of such merge scenarios is the highway merge from a local lane to the highway lane. This is compounded when there is no acceleration or surplus road to implement the merge from the merge lane to highway lane.This paper presents a Model Predictive Control (MPC) based optimal control strategy to solve the merge problem for autonomous vehicle performing this merge. A kinematic model is used to predict the merge vehicle states. This model is then used to solve an optimal highway merge problem without an acceleration areafor the merge vehicle subjected to various constraints. Simulation results are presented that show that the show the merge maneuver being implemented.

27-32
6

Title : Macro-Economic Variables Determining Stochastic Volatility of The Zambian Currency

Authors : George M. Mukupa, Noah Kachingwe ,Douglas Kunda

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In this paper, we assess the macro-economic determinants of the stochastic volatility of the Zambian currency over time. The research was motivated by the debates revolving around the depreciation of the Zambian currency against major foreign currencies, which are mainly characterized by a lack of empirical analysis and evidence of the factors influencing the volatility of the currency. We determine the correlation between the Zambian foreign currency exchange rate and the macro-economic variables including inflation, interest rate, foreign direct investment and external debt; and forecast the volatility of the Zambian currency based on the historical data. Our results show a statistically significant relationship between the exchange rate of the Zambian currency and the macro-economic indicators at a 95 percent level of confidence. In this respect, the Zambian foreign currency exchange rate is found to be highly sensitive to external debt and foreign direct investment net inflows.

33-37
7

Title : North Anatolian Fault Zone, Northern Turkey: Empirical Equations and the Changes in Some Kinematic Characteristics

Authors : Mehmet UTKU

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Monitoring the seismological development of a seismotectonic source is important to know the future behavior of the source concerned. The North Anatolian Fault Zone is one of the important seismotectonic sources in the world. The seismic moment-magnitude relations were computed according to the macroseismic and instrumental observations of 29 earthquakes with mb,S ³ 4.8 that occurred in the North Anatolian Fault Zone in the 1909-2000 period. The relations of seismic moment for this tectonic structure according to the surface wave magnitude and according to the fault area and the change in stress drop are the other seismological characteristics addressed in this study. Depending on the other parameters within the scope of the study, the threshold magnitude value and the mean slip rate for the visible fault on the ground surface are computed as 6.2 (Ms) and 2.2 cm/year, respectively. According to the 13958 earthquakes with M ³ 3.0 that occurred in the North Anatolian Fault Zone in the period between 11/24/0029 (29 A.D.) and 12/31/2014, the return period of a possible major earthquake to be generated by this zone is 250 years at the most. The a- and b- values which characterize the Zone are 4 and - 0.8 on an average, respectively.

When the results in this study – obtained according to the 91-year data process and the 101-year evaluation process – are compared with the results known from the previous studies, the latest results appear more reliable both in terms of the length of the process considered and the quality of the data used. When the behavior of the seismotectonic source concerned is monitored depending on this, it is seen that some seismological characters remained stable, while some of them changed.

38-61
8

Title : Strategic Analysis of Investment and Financing System of Gwadar Infrastructure System

Authors : Aimin Deng, Mi Zhou

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The development of a port is based on infrastructure in order to give full play to its superior geographical location. Gwadar Port, which has been taken over by China for 43 years, is located near strategical throat of Persian Gulf and is the node port and flagship project of "The Belt and Road" and China- Pakistan Economic Corridor(CPEC). However, similar to Shenzhen 40 years ago , which has a small scale and poor infrastructure, it is very important to improve the infrastructure as soon as possible during the operation period. Based on the literature review, basic theoretical analysis and current situation analysis of Gwadar Port, this paper draws lessons from the system of investment and financing of infrastructure in Shenzhen Port and some developed countries, and brings forward some suggestions for perfecting that of Gwadar Port .

62-67
9

Title : Performance of Sophomore Secondary Students Exposed in the Kumon Mathematics Program

Authors : James Ray C. Mendaje

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This study was undertaken to assess the performance of second year high school students exposed in the Kumon Mathematics Program in the 2010 National Achievement Test (Math). It examined various related data of the students which include the results of the students in the aforementioned test, the Kumon materials utilized by the students, and their number of years of exposure in the program. The research was a descriptive correlation utilizing data of 55 sophomore secondary students from the three Kumon centers and the students’ NAT result. The outcome of the study showed that the background of the three centers in terms of student’s achievement is remarkable. The students got an overall mean percentage score of 70.03 in the National Achievement Test with a corresponding mastery level descriptive equivalent of “Moving Towards Mastery”. Moreover, there was no significant difference in the performance of the students in the three centers in the aforementioned test. There was a positive association between the worksheet levels of the students and their raw scores in the test. The same result between the students’ number of years of exposure in the program and their raw scores in the test. Based on the outcome of the study, it is recommended to replicate the research and to revise some parts of the Kumon Mathematics program. Furthermore, despite the slight shortcoming of the program, it can still be recommended as a good supplement to regular schooling since it is proven to be effective in increasing math skills of the students. 

68-74
10

Title : Conceptual Framework for Web Customer Satisfaction Experience

Authors : Sarwat Farrukh, Rezian-na Muhammed Kassim, Farrukh Malik, Shahid Khan, Muhammad Farrukh Iqba

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This study examines the role of customer web experience involve application of knowledge from the marketing and computer interaction. In the current age, due to the advertising clutter, incessant messages, plentiful information, consumer’s purchase decision making has become problematic and challenging. Therefore, it is a need for a platform where customers and businesses get together solution for each other. In the present paper, the solution to the problem was given, as Web customer Satisfaction Model as a platform was introduced with web customer experience dimensions that linked to the customer satisfaction. Proposed Web Experience Dimensions discussed in this paper consist of interactivity communication, credible information, and reliability, e-word of mouth, alternatives and perceived easy. This conceptual paper contributes to the conceptual framework of web experience dimension that leads to satisfaction. Implications of the model add to the body of knowledge and e - marketing management practices.

75-78
11

Title : Local Stability of Equilibrium Points of a SIR Mathematical Model of Infectious Diseases

Authors : S. A. Egbetade, I.A. Salawu, P.A. Fasanmade

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In this paper, we studied a SIR mathematical model of infectious diseases. We formulate a theorem on existence and uniqueness of solutions and establish the proof of the theorem We showed that the model has two equilibrium points: disease-free and endemic equilibrium. Local stability of the equilibrium points was obtained using reliable Jacobian matrices and basic reproduction number (R0). The analysis reveals that the disease- free equilibrium is locally asymptotically stable if R0 <1, the infection is temporalwill disappear with time. On the other hand, if  R0 >1, the number of infections rises, an epidemic results and the  endemic equilibrium is locally stable.  

79-81
12

Title : Relevance of Technical Education on Job Creation Among Graduates in Makurdi Local Government Area, Benue State, Nigeria

Authors : Henda Cordelia Hembadoon, Agia Philip Aondoakura, Ihongu Moses Terngu

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The purpose of the study was to find out relevance of technical education on job creation among graduates and awareness of the employment opportunities that are of course enshrined in technical education in Makurdi Local Government of Benue State. The study adopted a survey research design in which 264 respondents were randomly sampled from a population of 2904 graduates in the study area. The questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents and analyses were made to get the statistical means of the items. The t-test was used to elicit more information on the significant difference between the means responses of graduates with technical education and non-technical education graduates on the importance of technical education for job creation and challenges faced by technical education graduates and non-technical education graduates on job creation. The results showed that technical education graduates had more job opportunities than non-technical education graduates in Makurdi Local Government area. Also, the results revealed that non technical education graduates were not aware of the employment opportunities that were of course enshrined in technical education.

82-87
13

Title : Father-Child Attachment Styles, Social and Emotional Loneliness as Predictors of Basic Science and Technology Subject Academic Achievement in Rivers State Nigeria

Authors : ECHENDU Ihedi Ogide, ONUKWUFOR Jonathan N.

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Father-child attachment styles, social and emotional loneliness as predicting academic achievement in basic science and technology subject in Rivers State was investigated. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The correlational design was used with a sample of 513 senior secondary one (SS1) students. The sample was drawn using Taro Yemen formula, and the multistage sampling technique was used to draw nine secondary schools from the three senatorial districts of Rivers State. Instruments used for data collection were; father-child relationship inventory (FCRI), social and emotional behaviour towards relationship network (SEBTREN). The instruments had a Cronbach Alpha of 0.78 for (FCRI) and 0.72 for (SEBTREN). Data was analyzed using multiple regression method to answer research questions and hypothesis. Findings revealed that father-child attachment styles jointly and independently predicted students’ academic achievement. Social and emotional loneliness had a moderate relationship jointly and independently with academic achievement. Recommendations were made accordingly.

 

88-92
14

Title : Research on the Transportation Infrastructure Construction of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

Authors : Aimin Deng, Qian Liu

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As an important part of the "The Belt and Road" strategy, the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor(CPEC) occupies a very important position. After more than four years of construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, the results of the economic corridor’s transportation infrastructure construction have become increasingly apparent, and positive progress has been made in railways, highways, and urban infrastructure. The transportation infrastructure construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor faces many favorable conditions. Through the joint efforts of the two countries, the transportation infrastructure construction will continue to improve, and will gradually become an important carrier of China-Pakistan land transportation artery and the fate community building China and other Asian countries.

93-97
15

Title : Cassava/Maize Intercrop Yield Response to Different Plant Population Densities in Makurdi and Lafia

Authors : Idoko Joseph, Adakole Gabriel Agnes , Akaazua, Baranabas Wanger

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Twofield experiments were conducted from 2015 to 2016 in Teaching and Research Farm of the Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State and Research and Teaching Farm of the College of Agriculture, Lafia, Nasarawa State all in Nigeria. The objective of the experiment was to evaluate the effect of planting density on the yield of intercropped maize with cassava.The result obtained from the experiment showed that intercropping depressed both the growth and yield of both maize and cassava. Sole cropping gave higher grain yield of maize than intercropping in Lafia (2.41t/ha and 1.59t/ha repectively) and Makurdi (2.51t/ha amd 1.66t/ha respectively). Intercropping also decreased the plant height of maize at harvest, leaf area index at harvest, cob circumference, cob length, number of rows per cob, number of seeds per cob, cob weightand 100-seed weightof maize. Maize sown at a population density of 40,000 plants per hectare produced the highest cob weight of maize in Lafia (4.32t/ha) and Makurdi (4.43t/ha). A similar trend was observed in grain yield where maize sown at 40,000 plants/ha gave the highest grain yield in Lafia (2.52t/ha) and Makurdi (2.56t/ha). The plant population density of 20,000 plants/ha gave higher values for all other parameters evaluated. Cassava intercropped wit maize at a population density of 20,000 plants per hectare produced higher yield and yield parameters of cassava than any other density.Although the yields of sole crops were higher than their intercrop counterparts, intercropping was more productive than sole crop components as evidenced by Land Equivalent Ratio and Land Equivalent coefficient values, which were above unity and 0.25, respectively. Maize was the more competitive component of the maize/cassava intercropping in both Lafia and Makurdi locations.

98-108
16

Title : Healthy and Non-Healthy Habits, and How The Habits Change in Different Economic Times

Authors : Qingya Zhu, Li Xu, Paul D. Berger

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Insurance companies usually conduct health-background checks on people who seeks insurance plans, especially life insurance and, depending on circumstances, health insurance. Thus, it is interesting for both insurance companies and consumers to know which factors impact human health. Human health is obviously a big issue in many people’s life and is significant for the growth of society. What determines the general health of people? This paper focuses on selected factors that potentially have an impact on the general health of people. These include, among others, drinking habits, smoking habits, exercise habits, and the eating of vegetables and fruit. We find that many factors have a significant effect on general health. Increased exercise and drinking turn out to be healthy habits, while smoking and having a personal doctor are negatively associated with health status. We discuss these results, some of which require further elaboration, and one of which is counter-intuitive. In addition, we perform t tests for differences in mean to determine if the level of key factors, such as people's drinking habits, smoking habits, and exercise habits, changed from before the economic crisis in 2008 to after the economic crisis in 2008.

109-114
17

Title : Ubuntu Ideality: The Solution to Xenophobic Practice in South African

Authors : Okoro Kingsley N, Nkama Chinyere Lilian

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The current xenophobic outbreak in South Africa has elicited various reactions and concern from diverse circles. This concern stems from the fact that South African just came out of apartheid regime with the support of other nations, including Africa. During the struggle, Black leader anchored their struggle on a Socio-Religious and political philosophy, styled 'Ubuntu' in Zhosa/Zulu word. 'Ubuntu' defines human relationship in terms of universal brotherhood of all persons. It abhors discrimination of any sort. Ubuntu as philosophy of social and humane living promotes conviviality, humanity, propriety etc. However, few year into democratic South Africa, xenophobia resumed the centre-stage of the nation's polity. The question is why the sudden paradigm shift from love to hate? It is in an attempt to proffer plausible answer to this question that this research is designed and executed. Using the sociological and historical method, the researchers discovered that xenophobia is alien to African culture and its entrance into Africa is inspired by various horrendous circumstances. Notably, xenophobia in South Africa is a reaction to socio-political and economic circumstances in the country. Therefore, this paper concludes that if African, and particularly South Africa, the home of Ubuntu, must know peace and eliminate xenophobia in the continent, she must re-study and re-tool her traditional philosophy of social and humane living notched out in Ubuntu ideality. It is in the practice of Ubuntu that African nations will find their relevance in the global village.

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