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Volume 5 Issue 5

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Synthesis and Polymerization Of P-(Vinyl Phenyl)-2-Chloromethylcyclo- Propane

Authors : K.G.Guliyev, A.E.Rzayeva, S.B.Mamedli, U.A.Khamedova, D.R.Nurullayeva, A.M.Guliyev

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The synthesis of p-(vinyl phenyl)-2-chloromethylcyclopropane has been realized and its radical polymerization has been carried out. The photosensitivity of the synthesized polymer containing in macromolecule C-Сl groups and cyclopropane ring sensitive to UV-irradiation has been studied. The photochemical structurization has been investigated and it has been established that the synthesized polymer possesses photosensitivity and can be used for creation of photosensitive material.

01-05
2

Title : Determinants of Working Environment, Employee Loyalty and Employee Turnover of ICT- SME Industry

Authors : Mohanad A. M. Kullab, Rezian-na Muhammed Kassim

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Abstract :

The SME – ICT industry success or failure partly depends on people in the industry. It has been demonstrated occasion that productivity increase depend on the career development, Also conventionality with encourage employee towards achieving the compensation and rewards. The subsequent of job security and working environment indicate the performance of employee in making the comfortable and happy. Eventually the research question arise what make the employee become loyalty. Therefore, this study examined the problem of career development, compensation and rewards, job security, working environment and employee loyalty. Data was collected and analyzed in terms of descriptive statistics and SEM was used to test the significance of relationship the variables. Result indicates that there was significant relationship among the variable. The entire five hypotheses accepted and recommended that SME- ICT to look in to the strategy that is more competitions by including all the elements from the hypotheses. Thus future research recommended including satisfaction for better career opportunity.

06-08
3

Title : The Relevance of Diuresis on Nutrition Studied in 26 Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis

Authors : Giancarlo Ruggieri

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Recently, clinicians have questioned the advisability to save the diuresis in patients  come to the need of a substitutive treatment. This interest drove us to look at the strategy of incremental dialysis, based on progressively increasing dialytic treatment, with the purpose of delaying the loss of  diuresis for as long a time as possible. This work aimed to study the importance of residual diuresis, analyzing the differences of nutritional data in a population of 26 patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Of the 26 patients, 18 of them had diuresis and 8 of them were anuric. The nutritional data of patients with diuresis were compared with those without diuresis. The same was performed between patients with diuresis of greater than the average of diuresis versus those with a significantly lower diuresis. The relationships between the total clearances and nutritional data were analyzed, as well as between nutritional data and the attained creatinine clearance/volume of creatinine (KT/V), this also to state the need of a predefined KT/V value to maintain adequate nutritional conditions. It was shown that, in the studied population, no significant differences of nutrition resulted between patients with and without diuresis and in patients with diuresis when separating them in two groups having significant difference of diuresis, nor were significant differences found in nutrition data and the attained KT/V. The final conclusion is that the value of residual glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to signal the start of incremental dialysis treatment should not be based on a predefined value in all patients, but should be tailored according to the specific needs of each patient.    

09-23
4

Title : Confirmed Utility of Tissue Oxygen Saturation Assessments for Predicting Healing Capability in Below Knee Amputation

Authors : Tarig Barakat, Aminder Singh, Gerard Stansby, John Allen

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Aim: Deciding amputation level can be clinically challenging. Visible light spectrophotometry tissue oxygen saturation (TOS) measurements can be used to help guide selection of lower limb amputation level assessment. These measurements are made at Freeman Hospital using the LEA O2C device, a portable vascular optical device for measuring tissue oxygen saturation in superficial tissue.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of amputation level assessment using optical tissue oxygen saturation in predicting wound healing in those undergoing below knee amputations (BKA).

Methods: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent amputation level assessment at a tertiary vascular unit between January 2009 and February 2017. All patients who underwent below knee amputations were included in the study (39 patients). Four patients were lost to follow up and 1 patient died before healing took place (in total 5).

Results:  39 patients who underwent BKA were included in the study. 37 had long posterior flaps and 2 had skew flaps. Amputation level assessment (ALA) correctly predicted outcome of wound healing in 87% (34/39). Sensitivity of the test was for BKA assessment was 90%  (95% confidence intervals [CI] 75%, 97%) and specificity 75% (CI 41%, 96%). Positive predictive value, i.e. a BKA would heal, was 93% (CI 79%, 99%) and negative predictive value 67% (CI 35%,88%). The likelihood ratio is 3.6. Three BKAs were converted to above knee amputation. The conversion rate from BKA to AKA was < 10%.

Conclusion: ALA is a good tool in predicting wound healing in patients undergoing major limb amputation. It gives the clinician an objective assessment and assist in decision making on level of amputation especially on borderline cases.

24-27
5

Title : Excitation of Isomeric States in Reactions (γ,n) and (n,2n) on 110Pd Nucleus

Authors : S.R Palvanov, E. KH.Bozorov, M.I. Mamajusupova, G.S. Palvanova, Y.A.Saidimov

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The method of induced activity of the investigated cross-sections of excitation of isomeric states in the reactions of   110Pd(g,n)109m,gPd and 110Pd(n,2n)109m,gPd in the energy range 12-35 MeV. The experimental results are compared with calculations carried out using the software package TALYS-1.6.

28-31
6

Title : Anti-Yeast Activity of Cinnamaldehyde, Eugenol and Linalool

Authors : Buket Kunduhoglu

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It is well known that essential oils and their specific constituents have antimicrobial effects against several pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms. Therefore, essential oils can be used as alternative or complementary antifungal agents against pathogenic yeasts, especially drug-resistant strains. In addition, essential oils can be used to reduce the effective dose of antifungal drugs. This study evaluates the anti-yeast potential of some essential oil constituents (EOCs), namely, cinnamaldehyde, eugenol and linalool. Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were used as indicator test strains. EOCs exhibited significant fungicidal activity against indicator strains. The minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) values of the EOCs ranged from 0.048 to 3.12 µl/ml, while the MFC values of amphotericin B and ketoconazole (positive controls) ranged from 0.78 to 1.56 µg/ml and 6.25–12.25 µg/ml, respectively. These compounds could be further developed into new antifungal agents, either alone or in combination with conventional antifungals.

32-34
7

Title : Solid Waste: Preliminary Study on Benefits of Engaging Students in Research Project using Citizen Science

Authors : Nurul Ain Zulhaimi, Siti Aishah Ramli, Siti Nurul Aishah A. Hamid, Romzi Ationg

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Solid waste, one of the main environmental concerns contributes to various health and other environmental problems. The awareness of solid waste issues is the prerequisite in attitude changes toward the reduction and management of waste. By using the citizen science approach, with some modification, students who involved in designated project had been expected to develop a sense of responsibility towards their waste. Students are required to do interviews, then calculated the amount of waste generated on the campus and identified recyclable and non-recyclable items. The data collected had shown that the main contributor to solid waste on the campus was food waste and followed by paper, plastics, aluminium cans and glass whereas the number of recyclable items was 62.5%. The interview data showed the lack of awareness and knowledge among the campus community in regard to the waste issues. However, the students have gained benefits by doing the project because they were the one who collected the wastes and interviewed the respondents. It also revealed that students got many potential and interesting ideas regarding the waste issue if they were given the opportunities.

35-38
8

Title : Patterns of Arabic Romanization in Islamic Finance Corpus in Websites

Authors : Nurulasyikin Muda, Hazmi Dahlan

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The objective of this paper is to look at the style of writing in romanization Arabic jargon from Islamic Finance related corpuses from the 4 top Google search. This paper use text analysis method by comparing the jargons with the ALA-LC system. The result shows twenty eight (28) jargons have been found from all of the corpuses. Some of the words are spelt with lack of ‘h’ or ‘t’ that represent the alphabet of ‘ة’ The spelling does not using the alphabet which represent the longer sound of ‘ā’,’ī’, and ‘ū’, but the corpuses tend to use the alphabet that represent the short sound of ‘a’, ‘i’, and ‘u’. Lack, additonal and wrong alphabet writing in romanization are also found in this research.

39-43
9

Title : Crack assessment in cement-based materials using Ultrasound and T2 NMR relaxation time

Authors : A. Villarreal, S.E. Solis-Najera, L. Medina

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The elastic properties and durability of concrete based structures, directlydepend on the microstructure of the hydrated cement paste. The microstructurevaries with time due to several chemical reactions and mechanical loads,leading to micro fractures, among other effects. For this reason, it is necessaryto develop techniques to locate and measure fractures. Ultrasound hasproven to be a reliable diagnostic tool, so the primary objective of this paperis to propose a composite nondestructive methodology based on NMR relaxometryand through-transmission ultrasound for crack assessment in cementpaste specimens. While the Hilbert-Huang transform of ultrasonic signals areable to locate the defects, the T2 transverse relaxation time gives the watercontent in the crack. The results show, that the Hilbert-Huang transformenhanced the ultrasonic echoes coming from the fracture allowing to detectand locate fractures with an error of 15%, and the crack size is given by thedecay parameter of the relaxation time T2, based by exponential fitted theFID signal.

44-49
10

Title : Effects of Interferential Current Therapy Using Intermediate Frequency Currents on Obesity

Authors : Young-Han Park, Chan-Woo Nam, Youn-Bum Sung, Jung-Ho Lee

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of interferential current therapy combined with abdominal muscle strengthening exercises on the reduction of visceral fat mass and abdominal circumference in obese women. The subjects of this study were obese women(20 subjects). The subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 10) that would perform abdominal muscle strengthening exercises after receiving interferential current therapy or to a control group (n = 10) that would only perform abdominal muscle strengthening exercises. Waist circumference was measured in cm using a tape measure with the patient standing upright. The length of visceral fat was measured using a high-resolution B-mode ultrasound machine. The amount of change in waist circumferences and abdominal visceral fat lengths was statistically significantly different between groups, with larger changes observed in the experimental group compared to the control group. These results can be the grounds for not only the effects of interferential current therapy but also the fact that combined therapy with abdominal muscle strengthening exercises is an effective treatment intervention for obesity management.  

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