T R A C K       P A P E R

Login Panel

Close tab

Password Meter

Volume 5 Issue 3

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. (Simaroubaceae) Leaf: as a Potential Fodder Additive

Authors : R.Sumathi, D. Rajasugunasekar, B. Brindha, R. Lakshmidevi, D. Suresh Babu, N. Senthilkumar, S.Murugesan

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. (Simaroubaceae) a promising multi-purpose tree species, as an important source of dietary nutrients, alleviate the fodder scarcity and thereby significantly boost the livestock production. The present study entailed to analyse the nutritional status of the leaf of Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. to find out its utility as food additive to ruminants. The proximate analysis revealed the presence of high moisture, total ash and acid insoluble ash contents. This plant is a good source of protein and total free amino acid was quantified high in accessions from Coimbatore, Salem, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Theni and Trichy. Crude fat and crude fiber contents were found in substantial quantity. The anti metabolites nitrite (and most dangerous fungal toxins Aflatoxin was found in non traceable quantity, thereby the toxicity of the leaf of A.excelsa was ruled out. In view of the fact, A.excelsa leaves enriched with nutrients, especially with high protein content can be recommended as an efficient fodder for ruminants/cattle.

01-05
2

Title : Rainwater Quality in Ibadan (Nigeria): Effect of Short Term Storage in Surface and Underground Tanks

Authors : Omolara Lade, Olatunde Okunlola

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Water is needed in adequate quality and quantity for human consumption. As population increases, demand for water is growing higher. Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is important for sustainable development and has no adverse environmental impacts. It also provides convenience in terms of decreased distance to sources of supply and is less time consuming than surface and groundwater sources.  In this study, rainwater was collected from the rooftop and stored for a short term in underground and surface tanks. In total, 26 samples were collected from two RWH storage system. The stored samples were taken to the laboratory for Physico-chemical and biological analysis after days 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 respectively. Several parameters were included in the analysis: colour, temperature, turbidity, pH, total dissolved solids, total soluble solids, total hardness, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, nitrate, total coliform and E. coli. The study reveals that the overall quality of water with respect to the WHO and Nigeria standards for drinking fell within the permissible limit. RWH system benefit from water and energy savings thus providing a system that is cost effective. The findings revealed that storage of rainwater in underground tank for a period of 28 days is fit for potable use with simple point-of -use treatment such as filtering and chlorination.

06-13
3

Title : Forest Reserve Policies and Indigenous Natural Resource Management Practices of a Forest Fringe Farming Community in Wassa East District of Ghana

Authors : Henrietta Abane

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Ghana’s forest cover is diminishing at an alarming rate, a situation that has been blamed on fringe communities’ use of farm land, logging and illegal mining. This situation has prompted pre and post- independence governments to enact policies to protect the country’s forests from further degradation. Ghana’s forest policy has prevented fringe communities that have culturally owned access, use and management rights to forests resources, from exercising such rights and this has had implications for sustained livelihoods. This study explores a forest fringe community’s use of indigenous knowledge based on community cosmovisions and belief systems to protect and regenerate secondary forest cover in an effort to ensure that farming activities and therefore livelihoods are sustained.  It uses a qualitative research design to generate and analyze data. In particular indepth interviews were held with community elders and leaders and focus group discussions were held with some community members. The study found that the community’s land tenurial arrangements and farming system buttressed with religious beliefs and taboos help members to interact positively with their environment. I argue therefore that the success of the country’s western based forest protection policies will depend on the extent to which indigenous knowledge systems of protecting and regenerating forest cover are incorporated. 

14-20
4

Title : Hydrological Research at National Institute of Hydrology, India

Authors : C. P. Kumar

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The National Institute of Hydrology (NIH) is a premier research Institute in India in the area of hydrology and water resources. The Institute was established in 1978 with the main objective of undertaking, aiding, promoting and coordinating systematic and scientific work in all aspects of hydrology. The Institute has its headquarters at Roorkee (Uttarakhand), four regional centres at Belagavi, Jammu, Kakinada and Bhopal and two centres for flood management studies at Guwahati and Patna. The Institute is well equipped to carry out computer, laboratory and field oriented studies. This article presents an overview of research activities being undertaken by the Institute.

21-27
5

Title : Evaluation of the Diagnostic Criteria of Ultrasonographic Parameters In The Prediction of Intrauterine Growth Restriction

Authors : Dr.Haritha Nimmagadda, Dr.Priti Kapoor, Ms.Ritika Ladwal

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Aim: To evaluate the diagnostic criteria of Ultrasonographic parameters to predict intrauterine growth restriction.

Methods: Normal pregnant females at different gestational ages that come for normal ultrasonography for routine check were recruited for the study. The USG markers to identify IUGR were assessed.

Results: The umbilical artery indices such as S/D ratio decreased from 2.63 to 1.96. In addition, PI (Pulsatility Index) decreased from 1.24 to 0.60 & RI decreased from 0.62 to 0.48 from 32 weeks onwards respectively. Doppler indices of MCA decrease after 32 weeks. The middle cerebral artery indices such as PI decreased from 2.16 to 1.36 and RI decreased from 0.89 to 0.62 from 32 weeks onwards. In control group Cerebro Placental Ratio (CPR) was more than 1. Out of 50 cases of the study group, 25 cases shows PI of Umbilical artery more than 2 SD, 23 cases with SDR of umbilical artery > 3, 20 cases with SDR > 95th percentile whereas in middle cerebral artery 15 cases with SDR > 95th percentile and 27 cases with CPR < 1. The prevalence of IUGR among the study group was 51.5%. The best cut-off value of the TCD/AC ratio for predicting IUGR was 15.4%, giving the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 73.26%, 80.25%, 79.75%, and 73.86%, respectively and overall diagnostic accuracy was 92.4%.

Conclusions We conclude that, no single non-Doppler sonographic parameter permits the confident diagnosis of IUGR. Multiple Doppler and conventional sonographic parameters shows increase sensitivity and predictivity than single parameter in the study group. Low Estimated Fetal Weight combined with Umbilical (Systolic Diastolic Ratio) SDR >2 SD and HC/AC ratio combined with SDR >2 SD parameters shows increased predictivity and sensitivity. Considering that C/U RI (Cerebral/Uterine Resistivity Index) reflects not only the circulatory insufficiency of the placenta by alteration in the umbilical resistance index, but also the adaptive changes resulting in modification of the middle cerebral resistance index, it seemed to be a potentially useful tool in predicting adverse perinatal outcome in high risk cases. Our results support the correlation between abnormal fetal C/U RI and adverse perinatal outcome in patients with IUGR.

28-34
6

Title : Natural Fibre Composite (NFC): New Gateway for Jute, Kenaf and Allied Fibres in Automobiles and Infrastructure Sector

Authors : Suriya Ferdous, Md Sarwar Hossain

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This paper closely reviews the prospective utilization of natural fibres e.g. jute, kenaf and allied fibres in the technical production of automobiles and infrastructure sectors as a sustainable substitute over expensive synthetic fibres e.g. carbon, aramid, glass etc. Jute fibre (density 1.4 g/cc) being lighter than glass fibre (density 2.5 g/cc) offers additional advantages as regards specially in fuel efficiency in automobiles and lighter weight in infrastructures. The cost of natural fibre as raw material is also remarkably lower-priced than any synthetic fibres being utilized for manufacturing the reinforced products. Renowned car manufacturers e.g. Mercedes Benz, Daimler Chrysler, Ford Motors, Toyota, Hyundai, Volkswagen and Suzuki have already started using 10 to 20 kg of natural fibres to make interior body parts of automobiles as a part of their commitments for taking action against CO2 emissions, thus making greener world. It is estimated that the market size of NFC will increase from the level of USD 2.1 billion in 2010 to USD 3.8 billion in 2016 which is wide open for more eco-friendly and economic jute/ kenaf fibres to tap. 

35-42
7

Title : Research of Risk Identify of Accounts Receivable Financing Based on System Dynamics

Authors : Aimin Deng, Lihui Du

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Based on the analysis of operational mechanism and risk causes, this paper analyzes the financing risk, supply chain operation risk, financing operation risk, legal risk, macro system risk and market risk in six dimensions of SME accounts receivable financing in supply chain. This paper systematically studies the risk characteristics of SME accounts receivable financing, and build SD model of SME accounts receivable financing through the VENSIM simulation software to carry out risk identification, it could identify the risk dimension and risk boundary effectively , and it could dynamic identify the incentive of financing risk through feedback loops analysis of financing process, provides technical support for the further risk measurement and risk prevention of SME accounts receivable financing in supply chain.

43-48
8

Title : Literature Review and Prospects on Risk Management of Logistics and Supply Chain Finance

Authors : Aimin Deng, Chengyun Wu

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The rise of supply chain finance provides new opportunities for small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) who are facing a funding cliff, it also sets higher requirements for the risk management of supply chain financial system. This paper summarizes domestic and international research tendency from three aspects: risk identification, risk assessment and risk control. According to the study, this paper also proposes relevant research prospects in order to show clear direction for future research on risk management of logistics and supply chain finance.

49-53
9

Title : Groundwater Modelling of Dhaka City and Surrounding Areas and Evaluation of the Effect of Artificial Recharge to Aquifers

Authors : Shireen Akhter, Md. Sarwar Hossain

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Dhaka city lies on the Madhupur Clay overlying the Plio-Pliestocene Dupi Tila Formation which forms the principal aquifer. Massive withdrawal of water from this aquifer caused fall of water table at an alarming rate which might provoke subsidence, ecological and environmental hazards [1]. It has been found that the aquifer system of the study area can be divided in to four aquifers and four aquitards up to a depth of 400m. The long term hydrographs for the observation wells within the Dhaka City shows a sharp decline of water level with little or even no fluctuation which indicates over exploitation of aquifers [2]. The water table contour maps of wet and dry season show a pointed cone of depression in the central part of the study area. The research work has been carried out to predict the future response of groundwater level after 20 years for increasing abstraction and assessment of the usability of the artificial recharge of aquifers of the Dhaka City using groundwater modelling technique. An eight layer transient groundwater flow model was set up with time steps of a month using MODFLOW. Two model scenarios were considered for model prediction. For the first scenario it has been found that after 20 years the elevation of groundwater level will decline to about -120m in the central part of the Dhaka City, and the mega cone of depression will spread over an area of about 1962 km2. For the second scenario substantial water is injected into the aquifer for recharging the aquifer artificially. The quantity of artificially recharged water was equal to the abstraction of water in Dhaka City. The model predicted that the elevation of the groundwater level after 20 years of pumping will not decline anymore and will be fixed at 70m which is the present minimum groundwater level. The area of the mega cone of depression around Dhaka city will reduce by 945km2 for the next 20 years. As a consequence of artificial recharge predicted environmental degradation in and around Dhaka City can be prevented.

54-60
10

Title : Analysis Of Electromagnetic Field On Transmission Line To Human Using Infinite Element Method

Authors : Bambang Suprianto, Munoto, Aditya Dwinugraha

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The use of high voltage is not only to reduce power losses but also to produce electromagnetic field near the transmission line. This electromagnetic field is harmful to humans near the transmission line. In this paper, analysis of the distribution of electromagnetic field were presented by using simulation based on finite element method (FEM). The basic principle of FEM was to divide the structure, the body, or the observed area to be finite element. The transmission line of 500 kV and its effect to the operators working near the transmission line were simulated to obtain the electromagnetic field distribution.

61-66
11

Title : Purchase Decisions in Urban Homes among Middle Aged Consumers with Grown Children in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Authors : AGBAJE Yinusa Toyese

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The study evaluated purchase decisions in urban homes among middle aged consumers with grown children in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The objectives were to evaluate the level of participation of children in family purchases and identify the factors that contributed to children purchase participation. There averagely four children per household. The various products purchased by households for investigation were; foodstuff, household items, automobile, and accommodation. The factors responsible for children participation in purchases were; leisure time (81.13%), age (71.96%), gender (63.09%), family income (60.65%), class of commodity (54.18%), education of children (64.67%) as well as stage of life of children (66.03%). Despite children participation in purchase decision, the result revealed that most purchases for home makers’ responsibility were done by female children while the most of investment related purchases and high involving purchases were carried out by male children.  Upon the significance of children in household purchase decision, the result still portends that a limit exists into the level of participation because some products are user sensitive and thus purchase sensitive. Lastly, the study also points to the fact that a limit exists to the level of participation of children in high involving purchases. Criteria that may step up children (male) in involving purchases may be by way of supervisory role as it is expected in building construction through input use supervision and intermittent purchases.

67-74
12

Title : Assessment of Differentiation States of Hematopoietic Stem Cells Following in Vitro Culture Using Side and Forward Scatter of Flow Cytometry

Authors : Yongxin Zhang, Farhang Farhangfar, Leonard Giblin, David Wolf, Francesca Vitelli, Yu Zhou, Donnie Rudd

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are defined by the International Society of Hematotherapy and Graft Engineering (ISHAGE) as those at low side scatter, positive for CD34 and CD45dim for their numeration with flow cytometry. However, we found that these CD34+ cells increase their granularity and size following in vitro culture, which was exhibited in flow cytometry as more events at higher side scatter and forward scatter. To further determine whether such a change in the cell event distribution is related to HSC differentiation, HSC markers and differentiation markers of in vitro-cultured HSC were detected by flow cytometry at different side scatter and forward scatter levels using modified ISHAGE gating strategies.  The results revealed that cultured HSC with higher side scatter have a lower percentage of cells positive for HSC markers and a higher percentage of differentiation makers, while those with higher forward scatter have a higher percentage of differentiation makers but a slightly higher percentage of stem cell markers, suggesting that side scatter and forward scatter levels of cultured HSC correlate with the differentiation level of these cells.

75-83
13

Title : Validation Measurement Model of Media Staffs Satisfaction, Leadership, Pay, Working Environment, Rewards and Performance

Authors : Faroq Thabit Ahmed Saeed, Rezian-na Muhammed Kassim

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This study aims to validate a the measurement model of print Media Staffs’ satisfaction, Leadership, Pay, Work Environment, Rewards and performance of the Yemeni Press Institution. With the used of 200 survey questionnaire distributed to the staff and descriptive and confirmatory analysis (CFA) was employed to test and validate the measurement model. The Stratified Random Sampling design technique was used to collect samples and the findings showed that the proposed model was the better model fit.  

84-88