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Volume 5 Issue 1

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Investigating Precision of Network Based RTK Techniques: Baseline Length Is Concerned

Authors : Sermet Ogutcu, Ibrahim Kalaycl

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This paper investigates the precision of commonly used Network Based Real Time Kinematic (NRTK) techniques namely, VRS, FKP, MAC. Surveys were conducted within the Turkish Tusaga-Aktif CORS network. Two CORS stations were chosen whose interstation distance is approximately 100km. Within this baseline, eight test points were chosen to create the incremental baseline length as follows, 5, 20, 40, 50km between the CORS stations and the rover. Special apparatus was improvised to collect the NRTK data simultaneously for each technique from three high-grade GNSS receivers. Approximately 3000 epoch with two second interval was obtained for each test point and NRTK technique. Results show that horizontal and vertical precision depends on the baseline length between the rover and the CORS station which broadcasting the network correction for the rover.                       

01-03
2

Title : Implication of Customers towards Life Insurance with Reference to Punjab

Authors : Dr. Rahul Hakhu

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Life insurance services have its individual assessment in terms of understanding the customers for their reasons in investment into insurance plans. Indian economy is developing and having huge middle class societal status and salaried persons. A survey analysis has been undertaken for 100 customers of Punjab in India to understand their implication towards Life Insurance Sector of Punjab. The results highlight that affection of customers in investing in the Insurance is mainly due to its returns otherwise needs to save tax and importantly in terms of minimizing risk and uncertainties cover. After the survey it was found that still major portion of customers in Punjab go with Life Insurance of Corporation (LIC).

04-06
3

Title : Study of Fluoride Contamination in Ground Water Mandawa Town and Surrounding Villages of Jhunjhunu District (Rajasthan)

Authors : Sonu Malsaria, Anil Saxena

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Fluoride contamination of underground water of Mandawa town and surrounding villages of Jhunjhunu District of Rajasthan, India have been studied. Water samples of the Mandawa town and surrounding from Jhunjhunu District of Rajasthan were collected and analysed for fluoride parameter. The result were compared with the drinking water standards of WHO  and IS(10500-2012).The study indicates the need for monitoring of underground water for fluoride characteristics in study area.The study reveals that the concentration fluoride  is high in many areas. The result of this study helps in getting awareness of health hazards of contaminated water. Overall, the quality of water is unsatisfactory for drinking purpose in the investigated area.

07-10
4

Title : Substance Abuse and its Prevalence Among Secondary School Adolescents in Kagoro, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Authors : Bassi AP, Idoko L, Ogundeko TO, Ramyil MSC, Abisoye-Ogunniyan A, Ogbole EA, Thilza SA, SuleUredo ojo, Ante E. Bassey, Baba A. Ishaku,Chimbuoyim Iheanacho N

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Despite the existing scanty data on patterns of drug abuse in specific groups in the Nigerian communities due to the tendency of changing patterns in illicit drug use with various alarming reports on same points to the need to constantly update information on the use of drugs among Nigerian adolescents. This was a cross sectional, descriptive study on the prevalence of substance use amongst adolescents. A total number of 400 Senior Secondary Schools 1,2,3 students from two selected schools in Kagoro Chiefdom of Kaura local government area in Kaduna State (Nigeria) were randomly administered with a pre-coded four sections (socio-demographic information, drug awareness and use, attitude of the students to drug abuse and practice of substance abuse). Out of a total of 400 respondents, which males constituted 75% and females 25% of substance users. 89.20% were aware of substance use and 10.80 % were not aware. Substances used were alcohol (52.58%), analgesics (33.7%), marijuana (2.59%), cigarette (1.72%), glue/solution (0.86%) and other local substances (8.62%) respectively. Family setting of respondents taking substance (66.6%:5.95%:27.4%) from monogamous, polygamous and extended families respectively. Factors responsible for engagement in substance use was curiosity 38.10%, peer pressure 19.05%, depression 7.14%, energy for work 4.76%, home problems 1.19%, festivities aura 11.90% beliefs 5.96%, others 11.90%. 58.3% of respondents were introduced to substance use by friends, while 25% were introduced by their family members. Curiosity and peer pressure which is a characteristic of this age group are the major reasons for indulgence in substance use as well the ease at obtaining substances. Family also plays a role. 

11-16
5

Title : Preliminary Measurements of Voice Parameters using Multi Dimensional Voice Program

Authors : A. Geredakis, M. Karala, N. Ziavra, E. Toki

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Voice plays a major role in speech and communication. Characteristics of a “normal” voice should include a good quality, appropriate balance of oral and nasal resonance, appropriate loudness, and habitual pitch level suitable for the age, size and sex of individual and proper voice inflections. The aim of this study is to analyze the voice characteristics in young people. The comparison is conducted by using subjective and objective methods. The sample of the study consisted of ten males and ten females, aged 19-30 years, with no voice pathology. Acoustic analysis was performed in Multi-Dimensional Voice Program (MDVP; Kay Elemetrics Corporation, Lincoln Park, NJ) and included the voice recordings of sustained vowels /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/, /u/. For subjective assessments were used the laryngoscopy assessment for vocal cord function and the Voice Handicap Index scale (VHI), VoiSS scale and Buffalo scale. The score of each scale ranged within normal limits and the findings of laryngoscopy were normal for all participants. In addition, the maximum phonation time (MPT) and the ratio «s/z» evaluated and revealed no abnormalities. The analysis of the results from MDVP brought upon significant correlations between the sexes. More specifically, the mean fundamental frequency F0 for all vowels were significantly higher in women than men (p<0,001). However, the parameters of % jitter /i/ and NHR /a/, /e/ showed significantly higher values in men than women with p=0,029, p=0,006 and p<0,001. Finally, the value of VTI /a/ parameter showed a significant difference in men compared to women (p=0,035). In conclusion, the parameters % jitter /i/, NHR /a/, /e/ and VTI /o/, showed higher value in men and only the value of F0 parameter displays greater value on women.

17-22
6

Title : Sulfuric Acid Leaching Process for Producing High Purity Graphite from 92.6% C to 98% C

Authors : Hien Tran Thi, Nga Do Hong

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Based on the characteristics of roasted graphite concentrate from Bao Ha, Lao Cai district, the present research a technology to increase the purity of the graphite carbon from 92.6% to 98%. Study was conducted on leaching agents, concentration of sulfuric acid, temperature, time, liquid/solid ratio affecting the process. The technological parameters chosen were: 10% concentration of sulfuric acid, reaction temperature room,  reaction time 120 min, L/S=5. The results showed that the graphite content can be increased from 92.6% to 98%, which reaches the requirement for high purity graphite that used for manufacturing Mg-C breaks in steel mills.

23-26
7

Title : Pilot Studies into Space Planning for Towns in Mountainous Areas of Chinese Economically Developed Provinces

Authors : Bin Tang

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In this paper, the case study of Yangshan County in Guangdong Province is taken as an example to study how to optimize the spatial utilization level in the poverty - stricken areas of the economically developed provinces in China. The article argues that the spatial structure optimization of mountainous villages and towns should be based on the present situation of mountainous geographical conditions,build stratification frame of spatial distribution,Based on township form for compact design of limited development space and refinement function setting to give consideration to production and life. In these process, road traffic construction is the backbone of spatial planning optimization.

27-30
8

Title : Food Safety and Hygiene Practices among Food Vendorsin Tertiary Hospitals Inplateau State Nigeria

Authors : Tolulope O Afolaranmi, Zuwaira I Hassan, Zaman Misari, Edemeka E Dan, Okonkwo CJudith, Nduonofit N Kubiat, Amina Mohammed, Tyavyar J Akosu

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Background:Food safety and hygiene are essential in promoting and preserving the health of the consumers, given that food borne diseases are significant contributors to morbidity and mortality globally.Unhygienic food has been implicated  in the outbreak of several food related illnesses with factors such as poor food handling practices of food vendors as the major culprit. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the level of food safety and hygiene practices and its determinants among food vendors in tertiary hospitals in Plateau state, Nigeria. Methodology: A cross sectional study carried out  among 87 food vendors in food vending premises within the four tertiary health institutions in Plateau state, Nigeria using a multi-stage sampling technique and  quantitative method of data collection.  Epi info statistical software version7.0 was used for data analysis.  Crude odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were used in this study with a p-value of ≤ 0.05 considered statistically significant.Result: The mean age of the food vendors in this study was 30.6 ± 9.0 years with slightly above half of the respondents 54.0% adjudged as engaging in good practice of food safety and hygiene. Attendance of training and availability of running water within the food vending premises showed statistically significant relationship with the practice of food safety.Conclusion: The level of practice of food safety and hygiene requires improvement as wholesomeness and utmost safety of food is essential to promoting and preserving health.

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9

Title : Alcohol Use and its Associated Factors among Residents of an Urban Community in Plateau State Nigeria

Authors : I Hassan, Tolulope O Afolaranmi,Onen A Eno , Ishaya O Kezia , Drambi P Buhari, Amina Mohammed, Moses P Chingle

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Background:According to the World Health Organization (WHO), alcohol use contributes about 2.3 million deaths globally and accounts for 3.8% of global mortality. Nigeria ranks as the leading country in alcohol consumption in Africa. In view of this, this study was conducted to assess the level of alcohol use and its associated factors among residents of an urban community in Plateau state, Nigeria.Methodology: A cross sectional study carried out  among 212 adult residents of AngwanRukuba community of Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State  using quantitative method of data collection.  Epi info statistical software version 7.0 was used for data analysis with adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence intervalused in the study while a p-value of ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Result: The average age of the respondents in this study was 28.2±10.4 years with majority being 30 years and below. More of the respondents 142(60.8%) were current consumers of alcoholic drinks with harmful level of alcohol intake found to be 32.0%.Sex, quantity of drinks adjudged as normal in one sitting and age of onset of alcohol use were found to significantly predict harmful intake of alcohol containing drinks in the study.Conclusion: A relatively high level of alcohol use was found in this study with a corresponding level of harmful use. Sex, age of onset of alcohol use and quantity of drinks adjudged as normal in a sitting were significant contributors to harmful alcohol use. 

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10

Title : Effects of Caffeine and Coffee on Incident Heart Failure in General Population. Role of the CYP1A2 -163C>A Polymorphism

Authors : Edoardo Casiglia, Valerie Tikhonoff, Federica Albertini, Martina Montagnana, Elisa Danese, Alberto Mazza, Jacopo Favaro, Francesco Finatti, Marco Benati, Lucia Dal Maso, Federica Gasparotti, Paolo Spinella, Paolo Palatini

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This study investigates in epidemiological setting the effects of chronic caffeine and coffee intake on incident heart failure (HF) across the –163C>A polymorphism of CYP1A2 gene, mediating caffeine metabolism. We studied 1,475 unselected subjects from general population aged 60.0±16.7 years, genotyped for CYP1A2 –163C>A polymorphism and divided into fast (AA homozygous) and slow (C-carriers) caffeine metabolizers. Daily caffeine intake was calculated from a questionnaire and a dietary diary. Events due to HF were recorded during a 12-year follow-up. Multivariate Cox regression adjusted for confounders was used for statistical analysis. In the whole cohort, HF incidence decreased with increasing caffeine intake (hazard ratio, HR, 0.998, 95% confidence intervals, CI, 0.996-0.999, p=0.02). After stratifying by sex and genotype, this effect was still detectable in C-carrier men only (OR 0.994, CI 0.990-0.998, p=0.01). No effect was observed in women and in AA men. Cox estimates were significantly higher for coffee than for caffeine both in the whole cohort and in C-carrier men. At a population level, caffeine intake is protective against HF occurrence in slow-metabolizer men, and innocuous in other subjects. The protective effect of coffee is greater than that of mere caffeine.

 

42-48
11

Title : Criteria for The Management of Product Development in Small and Medium-Sized Clothing Enterprises

Authors : Yslene Rocha Kachba

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The aim of this research was to identify and analyses the level of importance that is given to product development management criteria in small and medium-sized clothing enterprises, and in what order those criteria should be implemented by such companies. The methodology of this research was performed by means of identifying product development management criteria in relation to the clothing industry, which were located in the relevant literature, in multiple-case studies, and also recommended by specialists in the field. A multi-criteria analysis was performed of the ranking in which companies should implement these criteria. The criteria that received the highest overall classification and ranking relative to each other were recommended by specialists and they were the criteria of ‘integration’ and ‘value’ in the management of product development in small and medium-sized clothing businesses.

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12

Title : Breaking the Tongue Thrusting Habit: When Compliance Is Essential- A Case Report

Authors : Dr. A.Vasantha Kumari, Dr. K.Vivek, Dr. Vivek Reddy, Dr. S. Anitha

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Oral habits can interfere with the growth and normal development of the jaws, favouring the onset of malocclusion and changes in normal swallowing and speech patterns depending on factors such as duration, frequency, intensity and facial pattern. The open bite is most frequently seen in anterior region, having deleterious habits as one of its main etiological factors. This case report is focussed on the correction of tongue thrusting habit in a 7 year old child female patient.

54-56
13

Title : Some Observations on the Problem of Sharing Experiences: Proust’s A la recherche du temps perdu.

Authors : Juan S. Gomez-Jeria

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The problem of exchanging information about some unusual experiences is commented. The well-known internal experience of Proust and his madeleine is compared with an internal experience of the author. This comparison serves as a basis to suggest that some, but not all Homo sapiens sapiens may have some analogous but not equal internal experiences. The communication of internal experiences seems to be a very complicated problem in some disciplines. Other internal experiences are presented and discussed. The question of the biological value of some experiences is mentioned but no answer is provided.

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