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Volume 4 Issue 6

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Smooth Muscle Motility: Comparing the Effect of a Synthetic Anti-Diarrhoeal Drug with a Probiotic on an Isolated Rabbit Intestine

Authors : Rabiu A.M, Idah O.V, Yilgwan G, Wale H.R , Dimka L.Y, Musa F.T, Galam N.Z, Ayaka L, Mosugu O.O, Shugaba A.I, Odeh S.O

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Abstract :

Background: Diarrhoea exerts an enormous toll in terms of mortality, morbidity, social inconvenience, loss of work productivity, and consumption of medical resources. Acute infectious diarrhea remains one of the most common causes of mortality in developing countries, particularly among children, accounting for 2-3 million deaths per year.

Aim: To compare the contractile effect of a synthetic anti-spasmotic and a probiotic drug on an isolated rabbit intestine.

Method: A healthy rabbit weighing 300g was humanely sacrificed and a length of a small intestine (ileum) was isolated and submerged in a tissue bath. The test solutions (Saccharomyces boulardii, Synthetic anti-spasmodic) were then applied in graded doses and the final bath concentration calculated.

Results: The experimental data was analyzed using T-test of Independent variable and the output clearly revealed that there was no significant difference (p = 0.73) in the Amplitude between the two drugs. But there was a significant difference observed in the frequency between the two drugs (p = 0.002).

Conclusion: S. boulardii is a well tolerated probiotic with little or no side effects that has some effect on intestinal motility.

01-04
2

Title : Basic Discussions about the Study of Education-Work Relationship in Argentina

Authors : Maria Eugenia Vicente

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Abstract :

Employee training makes it possible to improve the working and relational practices, and thus, secure social, professional and personal promotion in the framework of the productivity of regional and local economy.

The aim of this article is to provide relevant background to the study of the relationship between education and work, and especially, employee training. Six main discussion points about education and work are recognized in the specialized literature. Although the discussions come mostly from the Argentinean field of study, they are relevant to take into account in all research background on the topic. 

05-08
3

Title : Of Safety Ropes, Nets, Ladders and Trampolines: Exploring the Politics of Implementation of the Livelihoods Empowerment against Poverty in the Central Region of Ghana

Authors : Henrietta Abane

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Abstract :

Social protection has been an important component of the development discourse in particularly underdeveloped countries in the light of failure of past policies in reducing poverty and building human capabilities. It is expected to manage risk and adversity among poor and vulnerable groups. Yet the conception, selection of recipients and disbursement of support systems have sometimes been compromised for political gains.  Being an area which has received little research the key role of politics in shaping this all important social protection agenda has generally been overlooked. This study explores the role of politics in shaping Ghana’s Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty, a flagship social protection intervention, in the Central Region. It used the programme implementers in the region as respondents as well as some members of a beneficiary community. The study identified that international donor agencies and countries that support LEAP have influenced the size of the programme whereas local political actors have tried and failed to capture its benefits in a number of ways.

09-18
4

Title : 3D Modeling and Clash Deduction of PBS-Television Center, Hawaii

Authors : N. Lavanya, Dr. DSV Prasad

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Abstract :

This experimental investigation carried out on the present mostly using software in construction Industries Revit which is software of Autodesk, Revit is building information modeling software for architects, structural engineers, MEP engineers, designers and contractors developed by Autodesk. It allows users to design a building and structure and its components in 3D, annotate the model with 2D drafting elements, and access building information from the building model's database. Revi is 4D BIM capable with tools to plan and track various stages in the building's lifecycle, from concept to construction and later demolition.

This Project carried on the 3D modeling of a building which includes the design of Structural, Architectural, and Plumbing modeling. After modeling of the design this modeling was Plug Inn into the Navis Work Manage. It is also Autodesk software where we can find the Clashes and check the Quantity and Quality of the materials use in the construction.

BY using this Software’s in this project, we can give the detailed Information of the building structure and design before the construction in a detail. Where we can control the difficulties occurs during the working progress of the building, Wastage of the Materials can be deducted, The Clashes occurs at Walls, Beams, Footings, Columns, and we can see the Clashes between Structural and Architectural Plans and also between Structural and MEP (Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing) plans and we can get the proper exact estimation of the Building materials and time of the project.

19-24
5

Title : Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure in Patients with Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis

Authors : Bashkim Resuli

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Background acute-on-chronic liver failure is an abrupt deterioration of liver function in patients with preexisting chronic liver disease, usually related to a precipitating events.

Aim to determine the prevalence, potential precipitating factors and to analyze the clinical-laboratory profile.

Methods A total of 149 patients with liver cirrhosis, all males, with average age of 50.5±9 and the long history (more than 15 years) of excessive alcohol consumption (more than 150-180 g/ethanol/day) were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into two group according to the presence and absence of acute-on-chronic liver failure. The clinical, laboratory and MELD score were compared between the two groups.

 

25-28
6

Title : Predictors of Hospital Mortality and Left Ventricular Function Recovery After Aortic Valve Replacement for Severe and Isolated Aortic Stenosis with Left Ventricular Dysfunction

Authors : Abderrahmane Bakkali, Imad Jaabari, Rochde Sayah, Koulekey Dadji, Mahdi Ait Houssa, Mohamed Laaroussi

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Abstract :

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative outcomes of AVR for isolated AS with severe left ventricular dysfunction and to identify predictors of hospital mortality and left ventricular function recovery. Methods: This retrospective bicentric study covers over a 15-year period between January 2000 and April 2016, 61 patients with isolated AS and severe left ventricular dysfunction who underwent AVR were enrolled. Results: Mean age was 58.21 ± 12.50 years. 70.5% of patients were in NYHA class III or IV. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 32.9 ± 5.6%, and the mean EuroSCORE was 12.20 ± 4.50. The hospital mortality was 11.50%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis found renal failure (OR = 8.98, CI [1.64; 48.70], p = 0.03) and congestive heart failure (OR = 10.90, CI [2.4; 59.83], p <0.001) as related to the risk of hospital mortality. The median follow-up time was 38 [21; 84] months. Late mortality was 7.7% due to non cardiovascular causes in all cases. The functional status and LVEF were significantly improved. In the multivariate analysis early postoperative LVEF (OR, 0.44; CI [0.14; 0.75]; p=0.006) and transprosthetic gradient (OR, -0.72; CI, [-1.42; -0.02]; p=0.04) influence long term LVEF. Conclusions: Despite a high rate of hospital mortality, long term outcome of AVR for severe and isolated AS with left ventricular dysfunction is excellent. Preoperative renal failure and congestive heart failure are predictors of hospital mortality. Early postoperative LVEF and transprosthetic gradient influence left ventricular function recovery.

29-34
7

Title : An Ipsilateral Subtrochanteric Femoral Neck Fracture In The Presence Of An Established Subcapital Non-Union

Authors : JR Manara, IC Smith

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In this case we describe a 56 year old lady who suffered an ipsilateral non-union of a subcapital femoral neck fracture and an acute subtrochanetric fracture. She had been listed for a semi-elective Total Hip Replacement after a delayed presentationfollowing the initial subcapital fracture. She subsequently fell again sustaining a subtrochanteric fracture of the same hip prior to her planned operation.  She was admitted for a complex arthroplasty, where a long stemmed revision femoral component was used. This is the first time an extracapsular fracture has been described in the presence of an established non-union of the ipsilateral hip.  In such cases we believe the patient should be treated in the same manner as a periprosthetic hip fracture where there is an unstable stem.

35-37
8

Title : A Review of Regional Differences and Influencing Factors of Social Insurance Fund in China

Authors : Tingting Li

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Social insurance fund is a special fund maintained by the government through the distribution and redistribution of national income and the maintenance of social stability. Social insurance fund is the key and core to keep the social insurance system running normally. In this article, the author sorts out the relevant literature of social insurance fund in China. First of all, a brief introduction to the basic definition of social insurance fund. Then, from a large scope, this paper summarizes the factors that affect the social insurance fund, and then the influence factors of pension funds, medical insurance funds and unemployment insurance funds. Finally, it is about how to measure the regional differences of social insurance fund in China. By analyzing the regional differences and influencing factors of China's social insurance fund, it is helpful to improve the efficiency of fund use. Simultaneous, it can provide a theoretical basis for narrowing regional differences in China. It also can promote the benign interaction between social security and economic and social development.

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