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Volume 4 Issue 5

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Increasing the Accuracy of Electrical Power Measurement

Authors : Mammadov Rahim, Genjeyev Namig

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Correlation of direct measurement errors of voltage and current is ignored and assumed to be zero in the measurement of electrical power signals. Therefore, the accuracy of power measurement is obtained less than the accuracy of direct measurements. In this regard, increasing the power measurement accuracy is an urgent task by taking into account correlation of direct measurement errors. A certain methodology is proposed in the paper taking into account the correlation of direct measurement errors, which increases the accuracy of the power signal measurement.

01-03
2

Title : Colon Cancer Screening: Knowledge and Attitudes in a Jamaican Population and Physicians

Authors : Michael G. Lee, Elsa F. Brown, Mike O. Mills, Christine A. Walters

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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Screening is effective in reducing mortality but uptake for screening has been low due to lack of awareness and other barriers. This study determined the awareness and knowledge among the public and physicians, of CRC screening in Jamaica.Members of the general public and physicians were studied regarding knowledge and attitude towards CRC, screening, barriers to screening, and physician’s practices regarding screening. There were 324 general subjects and 57 physicians studied.Of the general subjects, 14% had no knowledge about CRC screening, 69% did not know enough and 17% knew about it. Also, 69% were unawareabout recommendations for screening, 31.8%were unaware of available screening tests and 77.8% of the others indicated colonoscopy. However, 60% would do screening if recommended by their family physicians.Although most physicians (98%) considered CRC screening important, screening was discussed with patients,some of the time in 58%, rarely or never in 21% and only if there are risk factors in 7%. Most physicians (95%) indicated that there were barriers to screening, the main being costin 69%, failure of doctors to advise patients,16% and availability of screening tests, 8%. In conclusion awareness and knowledge about CRC screening was lacking in the population studied. There was inadequate communication by physicians to patients regarding screening. Routine counseling on screening is needed to improve screening rates. Health authorities urgently need to develop programmes to improve public awareness and guidelines for CRC screening.

04-07
3

Title : Postgraduate Student Academic Moral Anomie Survey, Reasons and Countermeasures: A case Study on a University in Shandong Province

Authors : Xiaoyuan Wang, Jinbao Zhao, Liping Liu, Yunyun Wang, Feifei Liu, Yifei Sun

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As an important part of the social morality system, academic morality is the concrete embodiment of professional ethics in the field of scientific research. Academic environment has been seriously polluted by the anomie of academic morality of the graduate students, academic progress has been hindered, social development and national innovation source power even has been affected. It is of great significance to strengthen the research of the moral construction of graduate students, reverse the disadvantage of the current graduate students' academic morality by carried out the investigation, reason and countermeasure of the graduate students' academic morality. In this paper, we designed the questionnaire of graduate students' academic ethics, and conducted a survey on 582 graduate students of a college in Shandong Province, the reasons of the anomie of academic morality has been analyzed from the aspects of the society, the school, the tutor and the graduate student's own factor, and finally the countermeasures to improve the academic moral environment of the graduate students has been put forward.

08-14
4

Title : An Empirical Study on Spillover Effects between CDS and FX at Korean Market

Authors : Janghee Lee

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This paper has empirically investigated the shock and volatility spillover effects of counterparty risk on the deviations from CIP in the FX forward market of Korea. During the recent financial turmoil, there is significant shock and volatility transmission from the counterparty risk of European CDS market to the CIP deviations of FX market under investigation. In addition, the shock of counterparty risk for US corporations is more transmitted to the Korean FX market than that of the Korean Sovereign risk. FX Forward deviations tended to depend more on investment-grade European and US corporations rather than on Korean Sovereign ones, because the shock and volatility of the European and US CDS indexes were more transmitted to CIP deviations relative to those of Korean Sovereign. This finding is consistent with the view that the demand for dollar liquidity in the Korean FX market during the turmoil stemmed from mainly dollar Libor panel banks, such as European and US banks, rather than the financial institutions of emerging countries like Korea.

15-20
5

Title : Approaches for Excluding Compromised Node by Evaluating Trust in Wireless Sensor Network

Authors : Ravneet Kaur, Priyanka Mehta

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This paper analyse the most important and significant advancements in wireless sensor network using AES key encryption sign for identification. Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a collection of sensor nodes that involve in gathering of happenings from a nodes' surrounding. Routing attacks are one of the most common attacks in which the attacker can make disorders in wireless sensor network communications. In order to confronting these attacks, encryption methods are not enough because compromised node, have access to the secret information and can go across the traditional methods. At this time, the most effective way to confront these attacks in WSNs is to use trust management systems. Different trust systems have been proposed to reduce the effect of routing attacks, but most of them could not determine the malicious node effectively and some of them suffer from the attacks on the system. In this paper, we propose a centralized trust management system using authorization and encryption and exclude compromised node by evaluating the trust factor in wireless sensor network, which is not only resistant against routing attacks but also against the trust system attacks.

 

21-25
6

Title : Antidepressant-like Effects of Neuropeptide SF (NPSF)

Authors : Masaru Tanaka, Gyula Telegdy

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Neuropeptide SF (NPSF) is a member of RFamide neuropeptides that play diverse roles in central nervous system. Little is know about the effects of NPSF on brain functions. Antidepressant-like effect of NPSF was studied in modified mice FST. NPSF showed the antidepressant-like effects by decreasing the immobility time and increasing the climbing and swimming time. Furthermore, the involvement of the adrenergic, serotonergic, cholinergic or dopaminergic receptors in the antidepressant-like effect of NPSF was studied in modified mice FST. Mice were pretreated with a non-selective α-adrenergic receptor antagonist phenoxybenzamine, a β-adrenergic receptor antagonist, propranolol, a non-selective 5-HT2 serotonergic receptor antagonist, cyproheptadine, nonselective muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist, atropine, or D2, D3, D4 dopamine receptor antagonist, haloperidol. The present results confirmed that the antidepressant-like effect of NPSF is mediated, at least in part, by an interaction of the α-adrenergic, 5-HT2 serotonergic, muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and D2, D3, D4 dopamine receptor in a modified mouse FST.

26-29
7

Title : Phenotypic Characteristics of Pigeons (Columbia livia var domestica) found in Rain Forest Zone of Nigeria

Authors : Samuel Oladipo Kolawole FAJEMILEHIN

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Morphological characterization is an essential tool in assessing the genetic properties of any animal species. Although, it has been largely explored in many poultry species but little had been done in pigeon. Data on metric and non metric traits were collected on two hundred and eight (208) pigeons: 44 squabs, 45 weaners and 119 adults for the purpose of this study. The metric traits measured were body weight, body length and chest width while the non metric traits were the colour of the eyes, plumage patterns (on the head, wings and tail) and the colouration of the body extremities. Five types of pigeons: Types A, B, C, D and E were encountered in the study. Type C recorded the highest frequency of occurrence (29.81 %) while type E recorded the lowest frequency of occurrence (12.02 %). The body weights (g) among the groups though statistically similar {p>0.05) were 282.91g, 284.83g, 286.60g, 281.37g and 279.45g, respectively, for types A, B, C, D and E. Body length and chest width of squab and adult pigeons and the effect of age group on them were similar (p>0.05). Sex showed significant (p<0.05) effect on body weight and body dimensions of the birds with the male showing higher values. The length and width measurements of the weaner were significantly (p<0.05) lower to those of the squabs and adults.  Pearson’s correlation coefficients (r) of body weight with body length (r=0.33) and chest width (r =0.31) were positively correlated (p<0.05). Like in most tropical breeds of animals, indigenous pigeons had a small body size. The lack of statistical differences in the body weight of the various strains of pigeon suggested a high level of homozygosity in the pigeon genetic resource. 

30-35
8

Title : Complementary and Alternative Approaches to Therapeutic Dyslexia Intervention

Authors : A. Geredakis, M. Vergou, V. Zakopoulou

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Although the prevalence of developmental dyslexia, according to DSM-V, varies from 10 to 15%, a major issue tormenting scientists to date is the lack of consensus on how dyslexia should be diagnosed or treated. Apart from the classical methods used in remedial teaching, popular methods for dyslexia treatment are the alternative and complementary approaches that include perceptual-motor training, visual interventions, auditory interventions, biofeedback and fatty acid interventions, many of which having already emerged in the 1980s. Each of the aforementioned forms of therapy has its supporters, in spite of the fact that there is still little evidence for their effectiveness.

In the wider context of a multifactorial approach to the complex construction of dyslexia, this review aims to outline the main objectives, the implementation procedures and the extent to which alternative approaches contribute to dyslexia treatment. In brief, a review of the current literature leads to the conclusion that even though most of these methods have yet to be proven for their effectiveness, they should not be considered as having no therapeutic value. Nonetheless, until their efficacy has been proved, it is suggested that the most effective interventions in reading are those involving the combination of cognitive and behavioral intervention.

36-50
9

Title : A Non-Parametric Density Estimation Based Approach for Parameter Estimation of the Three-Parameter Burr XII Distribution

Authors : Ahmed M. M. Sultan, Hala M. A. Khalil, Fatimah A. H. Almulhim

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Burr XII distribution is widely used in different disciplines including engineering, business, besides others. A non-parametric density estimation based technique is applied to estimate the parameters of the three-parameter Burr XII distribution. A comparison between the proposed approach and the maximum likelihood estimators is performed. A Monte Carlo experiment of size 10000 is used to test the new estimator for different parameters of the true density. An improvement in the mean integrated square error as a measure of the closeness of the estimated density and the true density is noticed. 

51-56
10

Title : Geographical Information System (GIS) Based Electrical Energy Theft Detector Device

Authors : Mathew Chukwu Udo, Joseph Elijah, Amit Mishra, Idris Rabiu, Fairwater S.S

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The paper is a response to the urgency needed to checkmate commercial losses in electrical distribution system in Nigeria. Root causes of electrical commercial losses were investigated by field work carried out on sampled customers of 33kV Keteregi feeder in Minna, Niger State of Nigeria. Questioners were administered by interviewing customers. GIS coordinates of customers’ building were carefully taken using GPS receiver, and other information such as customer’s name, building type and meter inspection were collated. The results of the field survey revealed that most electrical energy theft is by meter bypass. A further step was taken by designing and simulating theft detector circuitry using Proteus electrical design software. The design was implemented using microcontroller for multifunction. Microcontroller checks for difference in the input and output to a prototype prepaid meter. The difference in the input and output voltage of the prototype prepaid meter indicates meter by-pass which means electrical energy theft detected. The data such as customer’s names, physical address and GIS coordinates were encoded in the memory of the microcontroller. The design implementation was tested by bypassing a prototype prepaid meter. The result obtained from bypass was noticed as Short Message Sent (SMS) through the Global System of Mobile Telephoning (GSM) interfacing the microcontroller. This shows that the GIS based electrical theft detector device designed and implemented was able to detect electrical energy loss through meter bypass.

57-63
11

Title : Human Milk Donation in Northern Italy: Barriers, Facilitators and Information Sources

Authors : Arianna Virano, Alessandra Coscia, Paola Tonetto, Cristina Perathoner, Enrico Bertino, Paolo Gardois, Guido E Moro

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Background: Breastfeeding represents the gold standard for term and preterm infants. When mother’s milk is insufficient, the best alternative is donor human milk, especially for preterm and high-risk infants. In Italy, there are 33 human milk banks, but collected milk is still insufficient to meet the need.

Research aim: The research aimed at exploring women’s knowledge and attitudes towards milk banks and identifying factors influencing or encouraging mothers to donate milk.

Methods: In this mixed-methods study, we administered a questionnaire to 153 women admitted to an Italian obstetric hospital. Subsequently, we interviewed 7 human milk donors and 10 mothers who utilized donor milk to feed their infants.

Results: Almost all participants intend to breastfeed and know at least one of the benefits of human milk. Only 55,6% of respondents know the importance of donor human milk to feed preterm and sick infants. 71,2% is aware that milk can be donated, but only 7,2% knows how. 63,4% would like to obtain more information about milk donation. 56,9% is interested in becoming donor and 45,1%  would use donor human milk.

Human milk donors state that the procedure is easy, quick and gratifying. Reasons for donation include “helping other babies” and “avoiding waste”. Human milk users prove thankful and stress the importance of donor milk in preventing diseases.

Conclusions: A certain lack of knowledge about human milk banks and donation emerges. Women would like to receive better information. The experience of donating and using human milk was described as positive by all the participants.

64-70
12

Title : The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Coping Styles Against Stress Among Nurses

Authors : Taraneh Taghavi Larijani, Mohammad Reza Movaghari, Masoumeh Rostami, Negin Zamani, Fataneh Ghadirian

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Emotional intelligence is commonly understood as one’s ability to recognize own emotions and the emotions of others, and to use this understanding to successfully navigate important interactions. By means of emotional intelligence, thoughts will be facilitated and it could link excitement and cognitive abilities. This study is intended to investigate the relation between emotional intelligence and coping style against stress among nurses working in the hospitals of Kermanshah city in Iran. The study is cross correlation. The samples included 350 male and female nurses working in hospitals of Kermanshah city in Iran who were selected by quota. For data collection the questionnaires of demographic information, emotional intelligence, and coping styles were utilized. Data were analyzed by using SPSS version 12. The results showed that there was a meaningful statistical difference between the nurses' emotional intelligence and coping styles (P<0.001). the score of emotional intelligence in nurses with problem-focused coping style was more than the ones who uses emotional-focused and avoidance coping style. There was a meaningful statistical difference between emotional intelligence and demographic information such as age, level of education, and taking tranquilizers (P<0.001). However, there was no meaningful statistical difference between emotional intelligence and gender, work experience, location of work, marital status and shift work. The results showed that emotional intelligence could increase the application of problem-focused coping style against stress. Therefore, it is recommended to use emotional intelligence as a training priority in both academic and clinical fields in order to increase the utilizing of problem-focused coping style. 

71-75
13

Title : Design of Dual Band Rectangular Patch Antenna for S-band and C-Band Applications

Authors : Jyoti Jain, Abha Sharma

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A probe feed rectangular patch antenna is designed, simulated, fabricated and measured. The fabricated antenna operates at the frequency band 2.49 GHz (S-Band) and 5.03 GHz (C-Band). Experimental and simulation results of probe-fed rectangular patch antenna are presented and compared. To achieve dual band characteristics the position of the probe is optimized. Experimental results suggest that the proposed antenna can be used for Wi-Fi and WLAN applications.

 

76-78
14

Title : Ethical leadership of Bank Employee: Does Employee Engage?

Authors : Mohammed Bullama Gaji , Rezian-na Muhammed Kassim

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The purpose of this qualitative exploratory  case  study  was  to  identify the real phenomena about employee engagement and ethical leader  strengthen  to  provide  as  a  framework  for  building  potential  . With the assistance of the Human resource  Department, this study    identified  and  conducted  tele-conversation  with   10 executives   who  had  at  least  5 years’  experience  in  the  banking  industry.  Four females and six males were volunteered to participate.  The conversation were recorded, resourcefully transcribed, and reviewed by an external reviewer.  Focus  of  the  interviews  was  driven  by  two  major  research  questions:  How and why does the ethical leadership important to banking sector? : How and why does the ethical role model important for employee engagement. As a result, ethically accept constitutes leaders and similarities that exist in how these managers from banking sector conceptualize ethical leadership. The information uncover that to most respondents, ethically leaders is vital in light of the individual itself.  Above all else, ethical leader role model  are consideration to acquire  particular (good) qualities, which are communicated from beginning to end and induced from the leaders 's own moral basic leadership relationship between employees. While other respondents' perspectives on why it is precisely involves being such an 'ethical individual' verified various likenesses, open communication and trustworthiness. Policy maker in the banking sectors can include the role model of good practices of leadership that increase level of ethical leadership. The policies also will have an effect on future recruitment, train and retrain which can develop ethical culture and employee engagement due to world globalization and mobility of people. Future study could focus on the other types of leadership and other industries such of self leadership at micro economic level such as the gig economic whereby entrepreneur lead-leaders  themselves with ethical value in small organization that effect the employee engagement 

79-83
15

Title : Young Adult with Canon Ball Lung Metastasis and Unknown Primary: A Case of Primary Pulmonary Myxoid Sarcoma

Authors : Dr. Hassan Abu Zaid, Dr. Khalid Farooqui, Dr. Riyadh Ali Hammamy, Dr. Mohamed Shariff

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Extra skeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, which primarily occurs deep in extremities, especially in the skeletal muscle or tendon. Unusual locations include tongue, retroperitoneum, spine, intracranium, testis, inguinal region, synovium, mammary gland, labium and pleura, however no case of has been described the aggressive involvement of lung with multiple canon ball metastatic atypical chondromyxoid neoplasm with unknown primary.

We hereby present a 38 year old Asian male patient initially presented for cough and occasional blood stained sputum with chest pain since few days, found to have multiple canon ball lung lesions which histopathological suggestive of atypical chondromyxoid  sarcoma and primary source remained to be unknown.
 

84-86
16

Title : Yeast from Ethanol Production - Source of SCP (Single Cell Protein)

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Dry yeast, one of sugarcane ethanol manufacturing byproducts, is largely marketed as a source of protein for preparation of animal feed. We have analyzed the behavior of four different Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains isolated from ethanol production industrial process (CAT, PE, SMBP1 and NARBP2) in a cultivation medium formulated from sugarcane molasses in laboratory conditions. The assessed parameters were: Cell yield (Yx/s)  and protein concentration in the mass. The protein analysis was carried out with the use of the TruSpecN (LECO) equipment. The results suggest that the amount of cell yield and the percentage of protein in the mass are different for each strain tested. It was also possible to clearly elucidate that there is a correlation between the two parameters studied. The larger the amount of cell mass produced, the smaller the amount of protein. 

87-89
17

Title : Application of Lean Concepts in Building Construction

Authors : Sumayya. P. M.

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The construction industry has demonstrated a decline in productivity when compared to other industries over the past twenty years. In order to overcome this defect in the construction industry, the lean concept has been introduced. Lean concepts have caused a revolution in manufacturing design, supply, and assembly. Applied to construction, lean concepts can change the way of work is done throughout the facility delivery process. The construction project where lean principle is applied to is defined by the term lean construction.Lean construction is a method of production aimed at reducing time, cost, materials and effort. It is about designing and building a solution that meets client needs and getting it right the first time. Improvement of processes and elimination of waste is fundamental to this. To achieve this, it is essential that we work closely with the client in order to deliver a product that meets their needs and requirements. Lean needs to focus on delivering value by addressing the lowest total cost as opposed to being driven by price. To do this, it is necessary to focus on processes that can be improved and remove all those elements that do not add value. In lean construction, owner, designers, contractors, and suppliers work together to produce a value-adding, efficient and maintainable facility.

90-93
18

Title : A Comparative Analysis of Rate of Convergence For Linear And Quadratic Approximations in N-R Method

Authors : Shiv Kumar Sharma

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– Raphson (N-R) Method is commonly used in the solution of algebraic equations and transcendental equations. Using Taylor’s theorem for expansion of functions, generally expansion is truncated as linear approximation. In this research work, expansion of function is truncated as quadratic approximation and then a comparative analysis was done for linear and quadratic approximations. 

94-96