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Volume 4 issue 1

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Mitigating Salt Injury in the Tobacco Float Transplant Production System in Zimbabwe

Authors : C. Koga, D. Rukuni

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Abstract :

The tobacco float seedling production system occasionally exposes transplants to salt injury, especially when there is excessive evaporation due to winds or high temperatures. Evaporation causes salt accumulation on the Gromix® soilless media surface. These salts cause physiological damage to young transplants and more often, mortality. Three trials were conducted at Kutsaga Research Station to address this problem that affects mainly the late July, August and September sown float seedbeds. The first trial evaluated four hydroponic fertilizer formulations (Floatfert®, Hydrofert®, Peters® and Formula 1) for potential in reducing salt injury.  While the fertilizers had different salt indices (SI), all the formulations exposed the transplants to salt injury. The second trial evaluated the effect of split fertilizer application and delayed application of Floatfert® fertilizer. Floatfert®is normally applied at 7, 21 and 35 days after sowing (d.a.s.). Further splitting or delayed Floatfert®application were tested to determine salt accumulation reduction potential. There were treatment differences in germination and survival at 21 and 28 d.a.s. when fertilizer was split-applied or when application was delayed. A third trial evaluated different mulch types (Vlei grass, [Eragrostis lehmanniana], perforated clear plastic, clear plastic tent and a floating-row cover) for reducing salt accumulation. Vlei grass mulch resulted in the highest germination and survival of transplants.  The results from this work indicated that mitigation of salt injury during hot and windy periods requires a holistic approach that includes careful selection of fertilizers, appropriate application rates and timing and the use of suitable mulch.

01-03
2

Title : Effect of Bottom Leaf Removal and Fertilizer Rates on the Yield and Quality of Flue Cured Tobacco in Zimbabwe

Authors : C. Koga, D. Rukuni

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Abstract :

The leaf position on a tobacco stalk determines leaf quality. Leaf quality is lowest for the bottom prime and lug grades, and is highest for the leaf and tip grades at the upper part of the plant.  Experiments on removal of lower leaves to eliminate prime (P) and lug (X) grades date back to the nineties; and results then indicated that there was no merit in this agronomic practice. Recently, there were changes in market preferences, and merchants began demanding more of the upper leaves and paying a premium for these. This necessitated the re-initiation of leaf priming studies using two new higher yielding varieties at two sites for two planting dates (September and October).  In these experiments, up to 10 bottom leaves were removed, and topping was done to reduce the number of remaining leaves to 14 against the standard of 18 leaves. In some treatments, additional fertilizers were applied to improve yield and quality of the remaining leaves. The highest value gain (~US$2 839) was obtained when six bottom leaves were pruned. However, an additional 400 kg/ha of high analysis fertiliser was applied at pruning, resulting in a yield increase of 1 104 kg/ha compared to the standard (no priming, no additional fertiliser). The same trend was obtained in the previous season (2014/15), where 421 kg/ha yield increase was observed when six leaves were pruned with similar fertiliser adjustments. The implications of these results will be discussed in this paper. 

04-07
3

Title : Work - Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Female And Male Nursing Personnel In Greece

Authors : Tsekoura Maria, Koufogianni Andrianna, Billis Evdokia, Tsepis Elias

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Abstract :

Background. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) have a significant impact on nurses worldwide. However there is limited information on its prevalence in Greece.

Objectives. To explore: (1) lifetime, annual and weekly prevalence rates of WMSDs in nursing personnel and (2) the perceived (according to the nurses) risk factors for WMSDs and (3) the inter-gender differences.

Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 randomly selected nurses across 15 hospitals in Greece. Data was collected via the Nordic questionnaire asking for lifetime, annual and weekly prevalence of WMSDs and a self-administered questionnaire for obtaining the socio-demographic variables and the risk factors.

Conclusions. Questionnaires were completed by 278 nurses (response rate 92,7%). Musculoskeletal symptoms were experienced by 84% of the participants at least once in their lifetime. The most prevalent area among nurses was low back pain (lifetime prevalence: 59,15% annual prevalence: 39,6%  and weekly prevalence: 34,2%). Of the most important perceived risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders were lack of ergonomic knowledge and training as well as shortage of staff amongst nursing personnel in Greek hospitals.

08-15
4

Title : Research Overview of Risk Management Of SMEs Accounts Receivable Financing Based on Supply Chain Finance

Authors : Aimin Deng, Bo Yu

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Abstract :

Since accounts receivable become effective collateral, the financing of accounts receivable financing for SMEs is becoming increasingly important. This paper analyzes the theory and content of the receivable financing model and its financing risk and the risk identification, evaluation, evaluation and treatment in the process of management. It also analyzes the existing risk assessment and risk management The author points out the deficiencies. This paper finds that: Accounts receivable financing provides a new idea to alleviate the financing difficulties of SMEs in China; there is a big disagreement on the types of receivables financing risk; that should be from the banks, enterprises and the law three levels Strengthen the supply chain financial risk prevention and management.

16-20
5

Title : Biology and Philosophy. Part I. The Paleolithic

Authors : Juan S. Gomez-Jeria

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Abstract :

An analysis of the Neanderthal Bruniquel cave is presented with an entirely new proposal of how the animal-human relationship was born. The Venus figurines and the European and Sulawesi cave paintings are briefly analyzed and explained in terms of a simultaneous qualitative change in the brain of some anatomically modern humans. Composite creatures are explained in terms of the new idea and without assuming an initial need of to consume psychoactive plants or mushrooms.

21-28
6

Title : Managing Online Supply Chain finance Credit Risk of‘‘Asymmetric Information’’

Authors : Aimin Deng, Zixuan Chen

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Abstract :

There are several influential risks in an online supply chain finance(Online SCF) which credit risk is one of the most significant types. Many researchers believe that the impact of credit risks is more considerable than other risks. There are one main reason for online SCF credit risks, which is “asymmetric information”. The article explains aspects of the cause as well as related solutions for it.
The main solutions for the credit risks including: standardization of online supply chain financial processes,establishing credit risk evaluation system using big data etc. Technology,establishing the punishment mechanism of network information disclosure,integrating block chain and online SCF.
Accordingly, since block chain as a new technology, it has an inestimable effect on breaking the bottleneck of the existed means to ease or even eliminate the credit risks on Online SCF.The further study of block chain and online SCF needs to be done in the future.

29-32
7

Title : Analysis and Optimization of Connecting Rod With Different Materials

Authors : Ramesh B T, Vinayaka Koppad , Hemantha Raju T

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Abstract :

Selection of connecting rod for good performance of engine is very difficult. The material used in the connecting rod should be chosen wisely because during manufacturing process it has to undergo various production processes and subsequent heat treatment process, which is very much important for strength and stiffness. Based on which the High Strength Carbon Fiber connecting rod will be compared with connecting rod made up of Stainless Steel and Aluminum Alloy. The results can be used for optimization for weight reduction and for design modification of the connecting rod. Analyses are carried out in ANSYS software.

33-39
8

Title : Impact of Basel III on Indian Banks

Authors : Pushpkant Shakdwipee, Masuma Mehta

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Abstract :

The banking industry is the lifeline of any economy. It is one of the most important pillars of the financial sector. Development of any country is highly dependent on the performance of the banking industry. For an economy to remain healthy and going, it is important that the banking system grows fast and yet be stable.

Due to the importance in the financial stability of the country, banks are highly regulated in most of the countries. The collapse of financial institution in one country can also lead to sequential collapse of financial institutions in other countries, warranting that global minimum prudential levels shall be implemented. More so, cross-country discrepancies in financial regulation have significant ramifications for the competitiveness of financial firms.

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