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Volume 3 Issue 3

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Jordanian Coach Leadership Style in The Mind of The Football Players

Authors : Shamil Daghistani, Rezian-na Muhammed Kassim

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Since coach leaderships plays important role in the coaching professional development, interest around the football coaching become great interest of most sport management researchers.   There is great interest around the topic of coaching leadership style but   few case studies that have been done address from the view point of the players.  While there is a plentiful amount of literature about the topics of the various coaching roles and support needed for coaching, a study of the in the understand the real phenomena; of coaching style has not been conducted in the setting of Jordanian Football Industry.  This study assumes that most.  It is not known about the range of coaching leaderships experiences and how this experience accepted by the younger players. Therefore, this study offers information that addresses this gap in the sport management literature.    This qualitative study used the theme of coach leadership styles as ground theory as a means to look into the real experience of the player and interviewed 10 players during one of the football camp held in the county.   The themes of this study suggest that it is important to establish goals and guidelines for an exemplary of good leadership styles.  In adding, the study recommends significant pieces of good coaching leaderships accepted by the Jordanian football culture.    Recommendation to implementing successful leadership style in coaching programs are discussed further.

01-04
2

Title : Teaching The Linear Function in Secondary Education With The Use of New Technologies

Authors : Dr Eleni Tsami

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In the teaching of the subject of Mathematics and in particular, in the teaching of the linear function f(x) = ax + b, the use of Microsoft Office Excel programme ( 1st grade of Eniaio Lykeio/ Unified upper-secondary school) equally facilitates both participants of the learning process, as the particular programme is incorporated in the context of the learner-centered educational procedure. Within the framework of this point of view and with the aim of effectively compiling the syllabus, the application of twelve (12) basic principles hinging on the active participation of learners in mutual cooperation, is considered necessary. Self-evaluation and the need to establish specific incentives and set concrete aims and objectives constitute indicative examples of basic principles.

Within the frame of the afore-mentioned educational principles, it is suggested that the class is divided in groups of 2-3 students and new technologies are implemented (P/C), with the ultimate goal to clarify and comprehend concepts and applications relevant to the subject. Criteria for the design of such an activity are the exploitation of learners’ background knowledge and experience as well as the experimental involvement in new teaching practices. As prerequisites, we pose the formulation of conjectures and conclusions and the ‘de-penalization’ of errors in the mind of learners.

05-09
3

Title : An Interview with Solomon Abebe: Diversity in Education - Second Edition

Authors : Michael F. Shaughnessy

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Solomon Abebe was born and raised in Ethiopia,  and Solomon latercame to the United States to study.  He earned his degrees from Hesston College, Goshen College, Eastern New Mexico University and New Mexico State University.  After several years of teaching and administrative experience in K-12 and higher education, he is currently a professor of education at Taylor University where he teaches Foundations of American Education and supervises Student teachers.  In this interview, he discusses the second edition of his edited book on Diversity in Education and responds to questions about the topic.

10-14
4

Title : Association Of A HER2 Ile655Val (Rs1136201) Polymorphism in Breast Cancer in A Mexican Population

Authors :

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EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) has tyrosine kinase activity and plays an important role in processing carcinogens. Data on the HER2 Ile655Val polymorphism have revealed associations with cancer, suggesting that this polymorphism contributes to tumor promotion in breast cancer (BC). We examined the role of the HER2 Ile655Val genotype by comparing the genotypes of 225 healthy Mexican women with 400 Mexican women with BC. The genotype frequencies observed in the controls and patients with BC were 14.6 and 21%, respectively, for the A/G (Iso/Val) genotype. The obtained odds ratio (OR) was 1.5, with a 95% confidence interval (CI) from 1.01-2.4, P = 0.04. The association was also evident upon analysis of the distributions from the A/G-G/G genotype in patients with nulliparity and non-chemotherapy response who were positive for HER2 tumor expression (OR 2.5, 95%CI = 1.06-7.78, P = 0.032). This study suggests that the A/G genotype HER2 Ile655Val polymorphism is associated with BC susceptibility in the Mexican population.

15-20
5

Title : Synthesis, Charectorization Of Mg+2, Co+2 Metal Ion Chelate Of 2-(Cinnamyl) -4-Bromo-6-Methyl Benzothiazolyl Hydrazone.

Authors : S. M. Bhagat

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Metal ion chelates of Mn and Co was synthesized and characterized by different analytical procedure and spectral study. These metal ion chelates are insoluble in common organic solvents. Infrared spectrum showed the bonding through azomethizine N and ring N. 

21-24
6

Title : Phytochemical and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Analysis of Faidherbia Albida (Del)As A Preservative Agent

Authors : Maitera, O. N., Chukkol I. B

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This study determined the preservative potential of methanolic leaf and stem bark extracts of Faidherbiaalbida. The bioactive compounds of F. albidaextractswere extracted using methanol and functional compounds were determined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscope(FT-IR). Phytochemical studies revealed the presence of tannins, steroids, terpenes, alkaloids in the leaf while tannins, saponin, alkaloids, steroids, terpenes and cardiac glycoside in the stem bark. FT-IR analysis of methanolic leaf and stem bark extracts confirm the presence of primary amine, alcohol, alkyl halide, alkene, alkane and aldehyde. The FT-IR signals at 1165, 1450, 1750, 2850, 2920 cm-1 were considered as an indicator of the presence of formaldehyde which is a major constituent of a preservative agent. F. albida extracts can serve as alternative preservative agent which support the traditional use of the plant for the preservation of corpse.

25-29
7

Title : The Effect of Preventive Intervention to Strengthen Self-Esteem Among Students in Cartagena City, Colombia

Authors : Zuleima Cogollo Milanes, Maria Angeles Luengo Martin, Xose Anton Gomez Fraguela

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Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention on strengthening self-esteem in students going to public schools in Cartagena, Colombia.

Method: A random field trial was conducted and controlled, in which students from sixth and seventh grade -between the ages of 10 and 15 years- were requested to participate. An intervention group (IG) was formed by 498 students, mean age of 12.3 years (SD = 1.1); as well as a control group (CG), 453 students, mean age of 12.2 (SD = 1.1). The IG participated in a school held prevention program, whereas the CG didn’t, and theresults were shown three months later, where an 'intention to treat' analysis was performed.

Results: A totalof 901 students participated in the follow up measurement, where (5.3%) 50 individuals from the first measurement were unable to reach for446 IGstudents (89.6%) reported high 'positive self-esteem', compared to 398 CGstudents (87.9%). The difference was not statistically significant (1.16, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.66).

Conclusion:  This type of preventive intervention lacks of significant statistical effect, even after five months period. We need to trialamore intensive intervention with the students in Cartagena, Colombia.

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8

Title : Parallel Convergences: A Glimpse To The Magno- And Parvocellular Pathways in Visual Perception

Authors : Carlo Aleci, Elena Belcastro

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The processing of an image, which begins in the retina and continues on the cortex, is provided by two distinct, parallel cellular pathways: the parvocellular (P-) or sustained system, and the magnocellular (M-) or transient system. The P-system is made of small ganglion cells and arranged in receptive fields of small size. In turn, the M-system, is made of larger ganglion cells making up wider receptive fields. Like their anatomical features, also the information carried by the M- and P-cells is different and basically complementary, at least at the subcortical level. A common opinion in the last decades supports the idea that a model based on this parallel M/P complementary processing of the image may account for the various aspects of visual perception. Yet, tracing separately M- and P- information beyond the striate cortex turns difficult due to the diffuse anatomical crossroads, functional intermixing, and to the overlapping of the psychophysical response. The present paper aims at making the point on this issue, pinpointing the already reported caveat for an attractive, albeit probably too simplified (and therefore potentially misleading) schematization.

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9

Title : Relationship of Gymming with Mental Health, Body Image Satisfaction, Aggression and Happiness

Authors : Manpreet Ola, Dr. Dweep Chand Singh

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The whole purpose behind this research was to study individuals who engage themselves in regular recreation body building exercises, to improve their current body images and its impact on their mental health, happiness and aggression. Lately all around us if we look at news articles, clippings of magazines, and social media all are influencing us to work towards “perfect bodies”. It is essential for us to realize and focus on this issue and see how it can be fruitful for our knowledge base. Studies on this over time have shown that gym going individuals have advantage for their mental health. Looking at our research findings we can see that gym goers had slightly better body image satisfaction (33.61) as compared to non gym goers (33.00); for aggression also gym goers had scored significantly lower (70.08) as compared to non gym goers (78.81) and there was significant difference between them on this dimension(t= 2.06; p= 0.05); for mental health also gym goers had scored lower (9.75) as compared to non gym goers (11.15);; and while looking for relationship between gymming to body image satisfaction, mental health, happiness and aggression findings indicate that for relationship between gymming with mental health it was seen to be  negative (-.158), with body image satisfaction there was positive relationship (.242); with happiness also there was seen to be a significant positive correlation (.258).  With the help of this paper and after reviewing vast literature on this it can be concluded that mental health professionals should take this issue seriously and create awareness regarding  body image dissatisfaction and its impact on their mental wellbeing and also how its impacting our other aspects of life.

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10

Title : Potential of Copper and its Complexes as Therapeutic Agents

Authors : Benjamin Chibuzo Ejelonu

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The fundamental role of copper and the recognition of its complexes as important bioactive compounds in vitro and in vivo aroused an ever-increasing interest in these agents as potential drugs for therapeutic intervention in various diseases.The vast array of information available for their bioinorganic properties and mode of action in several biological systems, combined with the new opportunities offered by the flourishing technologies of medicinal chemistry, is creating an exciting scenario for the development of a novel generation of highly active drugs with minimized side effects which could add significantly to the current clinical research and practice. In this paper we attempt to summarize information on this trace metal and its complexes with respect to their importance in treating various diseases.

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11

Title : Palliation of Esophageal Cancer with Self-Expanding Metal Stents (SEMS): The Impact on Quality of Life

Authors : Aldenir Fresca , Wagner Colaiacovo, Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourencao ,Gilberto Fava, Lincoln Eduardo Villela Vieira de Castro Ferreira, Alaor Caetano, Silke Anna Theresa Weber, Erika Veruska Paiva Ortolan

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PURPOSE: To report the impact of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) on the quality of life of patients with advanced esophageal cancer. METHODS: 50 patients with advanced inoperable esophageal cancer (EC) underwent palliative esophageal SEMS. Quality of life was evaluated using a cancer specific questionnaire (EORTC QLQ C-30), the Karnofsky performance scale and a dysphagia score. All questionnaires were completed prior to stent placement, 24 hours after SEMS, 7, 60 and 120 days later. All analyses were performed on an intention-to-treat basis. RESULTS: Stent placement was technically successful in all patients. Mean survival time was 144 ± 138 days (12-663 days). Dysphagia score improved significantly from 3.6 ± 0.4 before stent placement to 2.7±0.5 after 24 hours, 2.0 ± 0.2 at one week, 1.8 ± 0.4 at 2 months, and 2.5 ± 0.5 at 4 months (p<0.0001). A significant improvement in Karnofsky index was seen 7 days after SEMS. In the EORTC QLQ C-30 questionnaire, differences were detected in questions 19, 26, 27, 29 and 30. CONCLUSION: The use of SEMS in patients with inoperable esophageal cancer had a positive impact on patient’s quality of life, measured by different methods, being a good choice as a palliative treatment.

53-57
12

Title : Continuous Light Enhances Chilling Tolerance in Chilling-Sensitive Plants

Authors : Tatjana G. Shibaeva, Elena G. Sherudilo, Alexander F. Titov

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It has been demonstrated in three chilling-sensitive species (Capsicum annuum L., Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., Solanum melongena L.) that improvement of chilling tolerance may be induced by continuous lighting (CL) without low temperature treatment and the acquisition of this chilling tolerance was related to proline. The results suggest that induction of plant tolerance to unfavourable temperature by absorption of excess light by plants can occur not only under high-intensity light as shown in several studies, but also due to increasing of the daily light integral by extending the photoperiod. The improvement of chilling tolerance induced by CL without cold treatment occurs to a lesser degree than when induced by low temperature (2 h temperature drop to 10°C in the end of the night).

58-60
13

Title : Cross Cultural Validation of the Mini-BESTest into Greek

Authors : Lampropoulou Sofia, Gedikoglou A. Ingrid, Michailidou Christina, Billis Evdokia

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Balance Evaluation Systems Test (mini-BESTest) is a newly developed functional scale which combines clinical balance tests already in use, with new items. Its easiness in utility and its ability to detect the affected system of balance control, make it a valuable tool for balance assessment. However, its unavailability in Greek language lead to the need for the cross-cultural adaptation of the scale into Greek, which is the main aim of this study. The mini-BESTest was adapted according to international guidelines of forward and backward translation by four bilingual translators and was piloted to 10 patients with various balance problems, and to 5 licensed physiotherapists for its wording comprehension. The final Greek version (mini-BESTestGR) was tested for its reliability and validity on 122 patients with balance disorders (47 men 75 women, 67±18 years). Two raters administered the scale for its inter-rater reliability and twice in 10 days period for the test-retest reliability. Concurrent (criterion) validity of the scale was assessed by correlation of the scale to the Greek Berg Balance Scale (BBSGR). The construct (convergent) validity was assessed by correlation of the mini-BESTestGR with the Timed Up and Go test (TUG), the Functional Reach Test (FRT), and the Greek Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-IGR). The translation process was completed without difficulties and the scale was characterized as safe, simple and easy to be administered. It also showed excellent test-retest (ICC= .966) and inter-rater reliability (ICC= .997) and very strong internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha= .833). Correlation with the BBSGR was very strong (r= .858, p<0.001), while moderate to strong were the correlations of the mini-BESTestGR to the TUG (r=-.746, p<0.001), the FRT (r=.616, p<0.001), the FES-IGR (r=-.527, p<0.001). In conclusion, the excellent psychometric properties of the mini-BESTestGR opens the way for its utility on Greek patients with various balance deficits.

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14

Title : Diagnostic Interventions of Small < 2.5mm Focal Liver Lesions: US and CT-guided Biopsy

Authors : Atanas Dimitrov Hilendarov ,Prof. Kichka Georgieva Velkova, Prof. Antonia Nedeva

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Purpose : The present study assess factors affecting the success of US and CT-guided liver biopsy of focal lesions on the basis of experience when cytopathologic examination results were available.Methods and Materials: 175 liver biopsies and punctures in 175 patients(120 male and 55 female) were performed under US or CT control. Lesions ranged in diameter from 9mm to 25 mm. We utilized US guidence in 103(66.02%) cases and CT guidence in 53(33.97%) cases. Ultrasound equipment supplied with 3.5 and 7 MHz linear and convex transducers, MDCT machine and biopsy needles were used. The on-site cytologic evaluation guided the radiologist to continue to another biopsy pass and avoid a nondiagnostic biopsy result.

Results: During a 4-year period we performed FN liver biopsies or punctures in 175 patients (120 males and 55 females) with small (9-25mm) liver lesions. The CT guidance was utilized for biopsy of deep, small liver masses of ultrasonographically non visible and subdiaphragmatically located lesions. Interventional procedures under imaging control of small focal liver lesions had a sensitivity of 97.76 %, specificity of 80.48 % and accuracy of 93.71 %. The PPV (positive predictive value) is 94.24 % and the NPV (negative predictivе value) –91.66%.
Conclusion: Interventional procedures under imaging (US and CT) control of the small focal liver lesions is a highly reliable, safe, inexpensive invasive procedure with great diagnostic value in suspected HCC less than 2 cm in diameter, liver metastases, as well as all benign tumors without typical findings on either dynamic multi-detector CT or CEUS.

 

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15

Title : Lighting for Historical City: An Example of Safranbolu

Authors : Nurhan Kocan

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Lighting is one of the most essential needs for human being. A number of developments have occurred in the sector of lighting since the invention of the light bulb. The importance of lighting applications for perceiving the city silhouette and that for the aesthetic and functional necessities of natural and cultural landscape elements has increased.
Historical cities have carried the traces of different cultures and life’s and the character of the cities with details and because of their rich formation including general silhouettes and different styles and forms, the historical cities have been the indicator of the creativity of the societies. The city of Safranbolu a historical Turkish city having an international importance, due to its social, cultural, scientific and economic aspects which has been designated by UNESCO as a city of world heritage for its historical, natural, architectural and urban characteristics.

In this study, that integration of natural areas with architectural elements composing the historical landscape of the city and that contribution to the silhouette of the historical city functionally by emphasizing the architectural individuality and esthetical value of it is intended by proposed lighting procedure with lighting devices. For that purpose, a lighting procedure is proposed for perceiving the city of Safranbolu which has a rich cultural heritage with natural and historical properties in the landscape context.

 

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16

Title : Antimicrobial Activity of Alternanthera Sessilis (L) R. BR. Ex. DC and Alternanthera Philoxeroides (Mart). Griseb

Authors : Mrs. E. Vimala Nalina Kumari, Dr.V. Krishnan

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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of aqueous extracts Alternanthera sessilis and Alternanthera philoxeroides.

Method: Aqueous extracts and extracts from solvents (ethanol, methanol, acetone, etc) of both the plants were evaluated against bacterial strains such as Bacillus pumillus, Salmonella typhi, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aureginosa and fungi like  Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans using well diffusion method.

Result: The result of the study revealed that some of the bacterial strains were more sensitive to Alternanthera sessilis and showed remarkable zone of inhibition than Alternanthera philoxeroides and few bacterial strains and fungi have no activity.

Conclusion: The plant extracts of Alternanthera sessilis and Alternanthera philoxeroides showed significant antimicrobial activity due to the presence of bioactive phytochemicals present in them.

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