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Volume 1 Issue 2

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Green WOBAN: A Review

Authors : Meetu Singh, Vandana Sharma, Roshan Jain

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Abstract :

With the increase of bit-rate requirements in access networks, future-proof access technologies should be energy efficient. This paper first presents an architecture and a vision for the WOBAN and articulates why the combination of wireless and optical presents a compelling solution that optimizes the best of both worlds. We recapitulate the design techniques dedicated to build “green” hybrid access network for a high throughput and low energy consumption. We devise novel energy saving techniques on a access network paradigm, called wireless optical broadband access network (WOBAN).The hybrid WOBAN is a promising architecture for future access networks. Recently the wireless part of WOBAN has been gaining increasing attention, and early versions are deployed because of low energy efficiency and lack of service quality. This architecture saves on network deployment cost because the fiber need not to penetrate each end-user, and it extends the reach of optical access solutions. To develop a green WOBAN, it is important to focus on reducing its power consumption, and in this work, we present an efficient resource management technique for WOBAN that reduces the power consumption of the optical line terminal (OLT) and optical network unit (ONU) by introducing sleep modes for the OLT and ONU, based on the service class and traffic load. We can conclude that there are large scopes of energy saving if we incorporate energy saving design and routing in access networks.

01-05
2

Title : Plasmonics Technology - A Review

Authors : Vandana Sharma, Shrishti Sharma, Roshan Jain

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Abstract :

Semiconductor devices, circuits and components are dependent upon miniaturization for transporting huge amounts of data at a high speed. However, the integration of modern electronic devices for information processing and sensing is rapidly approaching its fundamental speed and bandwidth limitations, which is an increasingly serious problems. One of the most promising solutions is believed to be in replacing electronic signals (as information carriers) by light. So a new emerging technology called ‘plasmonics.’ developed. Due to its frequency being approximately equal to that of light and ability to interface with similar-size electronic components, plasmonics can act as a bridge between photonics and electronics for communication. It exploits the unique optical properties of metallic nanostructures to enable routing and manipulation of light at the nano scale. A tremendous synergy can be attained by integrating plasmonic, electronic, and conventional dielectric photonic devices on the same chip and taking advantage of the strengths of each technology.

06-08
3

Title : Optical Camouflage - Review

Authors : Shrishti Sharma,Meetu Singh

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Abstract :

Fiber optic systems are important telecommunication infrastructure for world-wide broadband networks. Wide band width signal transmission with low delay is a key requirement in present day applications. Optical fibers provide enormous and unsurpassed transmission bandwidth with negligible latency, and are now the transmission medium of choice for long distance and high data rate transmission in telecommunication networks. This paper focused on the creation of invisibility with the help of technologies like Optical camouflage; Image based rendering and Retro reflective projection. The object that needs to be made transparent or invisible is painted or covered with retro reflective material. There are some beneficial applications for this simple but astonishing technology. The different methods of optical camouflage provide invisibility in the visible site of spectrum. One of the most promising applications of this technology, however, has less to do with making objects invisible and more about making them visible.

 

09-12
4

Title : Estimation of Probable Maximum Precipitation Using Statistical Methods

Authors : N. Vivekanandan

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Abstract :

Probable Maximum Precipitation (PMP) is generally used to arrive at estimates for Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) for planning, design and risk assessment of high hazard hydrological structures. PMP represents the greatest depth of precipitation for a given duration which is physically possible over a given size storm area at a particular geographical location and at a particular time of year. Statistical method, empirical method and dynamic method is generally available for estimation of PMP for non-orographic or plain area regions. In this paper, statistical method is used for estimation of PMP. Extreme Value Type-1 distribution (EV1) is adopted to estimate the extreme rainfall and the results are compared with the 1-day PMP obtained from Hershfield method. Anderson-Darling test is applied for checking the adequacy of fitting of EV1 distribution to the series of annual 1-day maximum rainfall data. Wald-Wolfowitz run test and Mann-Whitney Wilcoxon U-test is performed on the rainfall data to check the randomness and homogeneity of the data series. Grubbs test is applied to identify the outliers in the data series. The study suggests the estimated 1-day PMP viz., 25.7 cm for Devarapalle and 46.3 cm for Visakhapatnam could be used to arrive at PMF estimates for design purposes.

 

13-16
5

Title : A Correlation Study of Emotional Intelligence and Job Satisfaction with Special Reference to HDFC Bank Employees

Authors : M. K. Sharma, Neha Pandey

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Abstract :

Dealing with the customers with a smile in most difficult situations is the prerequisite for the banking industry. Employees need to be more empathetic and understanding in nature. Emotional Intelligence helps them to keep a control of themselves when the situation is tense.  It is essential for the success of  banking sector that the employees are efficient and productive in the competitive work environment. Emotional Intelligence will provide a firm basis for the development of the leadership, team management, conflict management, effective communication etc. Many researchers have focused on the importance of emotional intelligence in productivity but not much has been done in analyzing job satisfaction. The purpose of the research is to study the emotional intelligence and job satisfaction of HDFC retail banking employees. Research tool used in the study is a structured questionnaire covering 3 sections: demographic, emotional intelligence and job satisfaction. It has been designed to collect the data of employees, using random sampling method from the HDFC Retail banking branches. This research paper aims to understand the association between EI and JS. This study is based on descriptive and exploratory research.The bank should undertake emotional intelligence audit at all levels in the organisation to identify EI among the employees. The bank should organize the activities to increase the interaction between employees so as to improve the relationship among them.

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