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Volume 10 Issue 2

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Literary Clinical Review: Effects of Acupuncture on Fibromyalgia

Authors : Eva Coelho da Silva, Dilene Francisca Pereira de Sousa, Daniela Santos do Nascimento, Amanda Aguiar Barros, Agrinazio Geraldo Nascimento Neto, Pietra Diovanna da Silva Souza, Randra Karoline Rodrigues Inacio, Raylany Negreiros de Sousa, Larissa dos Santos Nascimento Oliveira, Morgane Ribeiro de Aquino Macedo, Magno De Oliveira, Warly Neves de Araujo

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Abstract :

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic and rheumatological disease that causes generalized pain by the body, being able to dispose of the person from any activity, even the simple act of sleeping, because of the pains become unbearable. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), is one of the options for an indication of acupuncture used as an alternative for the treatment of fibromyalgia and the possibility of offering patient improvement in the quality of life. This research aims to corroborate through a bibliographic review of recent studies and evidence that designates the effectiveness of acupuncture for patients with fibromyalgia. The methods used for this review work were based on the methodology of the experimental factorial planning article: A brief review, published in the journal International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS). Due to the studies done, it was explicit that the treatment for fibromyalgia using acupuncture has great benefits because patients suffering from pain and use this technique as a treatment option make less use of medication, have less frequent crises and, as a result, more quality of life. It is concluded that acupuncture has physiological bases that prove its effectiveness in the treatment of fibromyalgia symptoms, thus becoming another relevant treatment option for patients with FM to increase their quality of life.

01-06
2

Title : Levels of Composition: from Quarks to HHe+ Molecular Ion

Authors : Juan S. Gómez-Jeria

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Abstract :

I present the results of an exploration of the idea that all objects of the actual and earlier Universe can be organized in levels. Previous works dealing with ‘combination’, ‘whole’, ‘part’ and ‘level’ are commented. The analysis of the levels is addressed by creating time-dependent and time-independent models. The time-dependent model starts using the Planck Epoch as a starting point. Here, each level is more or less associated with an Epoch of the Universe. This form of analyzing the appearance of the many particles and forces is attractive, but I think that in the moment when more complex structures are formed the level model could fail. The time-independent model uses all elementary particles as components of the lowest level, L1. The other levels are formed by fusion or clustering of members of the lower levels. The analysis of the models showed that the statement that ‘anything belonging of any level except the lowest one can be decomposed into things belonging to the next lower level’ is not correct. Some considerations about emergency and complexity are presented.

07-17
3

Title : Thermal Oxidative of UP/MgO Nanocomposites Using TGA and DSC Analysis

Authors : Malik J. Zayza, Najwa J.Jubier, Subhi A. Al -Bayaty

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Abstract :

The work focuses on the preparation of polymer matrix nanocomposite materials by hand lay-up, it was prepared from the unsaturated polyester resin as a matrix reinforced with a different weight percent of Magnesium oxide nanoparticles (MgO NPs(.

This research includes studying the thermal analysis, (TGA, DTG, and DSC) for this nanocomposite material. Study of non- isothermal kinetics decomposition of (UP) and (UP/MgO NPs) nanocomposites were carried out by utilizing (TGA). The samples were heated from room temperature to (600°C) at a constant heating rate of (10°C/min) under an oxidative atmosphere using air. TGA and DTG curves obtained from the decomposition were analyzed using the Coast- Redfern method. Kinetic parameters were determined for all specimens that show a good correlation with the linear correlation coefficient. It was found that the Coast –Redfern procedure the best to obtain results in good estimate of the kinetic parameters.

18-24
4

Title : Association between Growth Differentiation Factor 15 and Chronic Heart Failure

Authors : Mahmoud M. Abdullah, Haitham S. Ghareeb, Azza M. Al Amir, Khaled A. El Khashab

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Abstract :

Background. Heart failure (HF) is a major health problem because it is common, and has a high rate of hospitalization and high rate of mortality. While substantial advances have been achieved in the treatment of heart failure over the past two decades, HF mortality remains as high as cancer mortality. Aim of the study To investigate the association between serum GDF-15 and chronic HF, and its potential usefulness as a biomarker in these patients. Patients and methods This study was conducted on a total of seventy nine patients at Fayoum University hospitals and was classified as : Fifty patients having the typical symptoms and signs of heart failure and diagnosed with either heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Twenty nine patients as control group. Blood samples for GDF-15 level were analyzed. The results demonstrated significant relation between elevated GDF-15 levels and HF patients in comparison to patients with no HF in the control group.. Conclusion: Our results suggest that GDF15 could be an independent marker for diagnosis, and management of patients with chronic heart failure.

25-27
5

Title : Heavy Metals Concentration in Water, Sediment, and Fish around Escravos River, Nigeria

Authors : Edward Membere, Muhib Abdulwasiu

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Abstract :

This study investigates heavy metals concentration in water, sediment, and fish around Escravos River, Delta State, Nigeria. Health risks to human via consumption of Clarias gariapinus were assessed through mean daily dose and allowable weekly intake.  Twenty-seven (27) surface water, sediment and fish samples were collected from three locations over a 3 months period. The results of heavy metals concentration in water, sediments and fish ranges from 0.058 ± 0.001 - 0.121 ± 0.002 mg/L for Zn, 0.054 ± 0.04 to 0.092 ± 0.003 mg/L for Cu, 0.014 ± 0.02 to 0.032 ± 0.001 for Cd, 0.008 ± 0.001 to 0.077 ± 0.001 mg/L for Pb, 0.043 ± 0.001 to 0.065 ± 0.001 mg/L for Ni, 0.110 ± 0.00 to 0.161 ± 0.003 mg/L for Fe respectively. High Fe concentration was noticed in sediment 383.5 ± 0.71 to 509.0 ± 1.41 mg/kg and in fish 320.8 ± 1.06 to 403.2 ± 2.82 mg/kg, respectively. The results show that Hazard quotient (HQ) values for Cu, Cd, Pb, Fe, Mn and Cr were greater than 1 (HQ>1). Furthermore, cancer risk values observed for Pb, in fish samples were below allowable limit of 1.0 × 10−4 indicating no chance of carcinogenic effects. However, cancer risk for Cd, Ni and Cr were above allowable limit of 1.0 × 10−4 indicating chance of carcinogenic effects. These findings show that there are appreciable health risks associated or connected with consuming Clarias gariapinus, ingestion of surface water and sediment.

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